Allâhu ta’âlâ gives favours, blessings, gifts, i.e., His kindness reaches everybody every moment, good and evil people alike. Without discriminating, He sends everybody property, children, food, the right way to Islam, guidance, safety, and every goodness.
The difference is in the way people accept and receive Allah’s gifts, or in their not being able to receive them. It is purported in the thirty-third âyat of Sûrat-un-Nahl: “Allâhu ta’âlâ does not torment or do injustice to His born slaves (men). They treat themselves cruelly and torment themselves with their own evil thoughts and loathsome deeds that draw them to torments and sufferings.”
As a matter of fact, while the sun shines over the laundryman and over the linen in the same manner, it tans the man’s face, while it whitens the linen.
[By the same token, though it shines over the apple and over the pepper in the same manner, it reddens and sweetens the apple, whereas it reddens the pepper and makes it bitter. Though the sweetness and the bitterness are caused by the rays of the sun, the difference between them is not from the sun; it is from themselves. Because Allâhu ta’âlâ pities all people very much, more than a mother’s mercy upon her child, He has declared in the Qur’ân alkerîm how every person, every family, every society and every nation, all over the world, in each century should act in each of their undertakings, in what way they should run their activities, and what they should avoid in order to be comfortable in this world and in the Hereafter. The Ahl-i sunnat scholars learned all these with their keen insight, and, writing millions of books, they communicated them to the whole world. This means to say that Allâhu ta’âlâ has not left people free in their actions. Consequently, there is not a place left on the earth where Islam has not been conveyed. Islam cannot be separated from worldly affairs. Attempting to do so means to strive to eradicate Islam and the Muslims from the earth?]
The reason why people will not attain the blessings of the Hereafter is that they turn away from Him. He who turns away will certainly get nothing. A container covered over the top will certainly not get April’s rain. Yes, many people who have turned away still seem to live in worldly blessings and so they are considered as not being deprived. But those things are given to them as a reward for their struggling for this world. However, things that are regarded as worldly blessings are, in actual fact, the seeds of torment and calamity. They are disasters which Allâhu ta’âlâ deceptively gives their owners by misrepresenting them as blessings. As a matter of fact, it is purported in the fifty-sixth âyat of Sûrat-ul-Mu’minûn: “Do disbelievers presume that We are doing them a favour or helping them by giving them property and many children? Do they say that We are rewarding them because they disbelieve my Prophet and dislike the Islamic religion? No, it is not the case. They are wrong. They do not understand that these are not blessings, but disasters.” Then, the worldly things that are given to those whose hearts have turned away from Allâhu ta’âlâ are all desolation and calamity. They are like the sweetmeats given to the diabetic.
[The heart is a force existing in the piece of flesh which is (also) called heart (qalb). As for the soul; it occupies the whole body. When a person’s heart wants to follow his nafs and commit disbelief or sins, if Allâhu ta’âlâ pities that person, He does not will him to commit disbelief and sins. So he cannot do them. If He does not pity him, He wills him to commit the sins and creates them, and then punishes him. Therefore, the reason why a man is drawn to torments and disasters is due to his own behavior; that is, he follows his nafs.
Question: If Allâhu ta’âlâ did not create the nafs, then people would have been free from being deceived. Nobody would have committed bad deeds and all would have gone to Paradise. Would it not be better?
Answer: The creation of the nafs is intended for man’s living, multiplying, and working in the world, and for their earning thawâb of Jihâd for the Hereafter. Allâhu ta’âlâ created the nafs for many reasons. On the other hand, pitying all men, He created ’aql (reason, wisdom) in them. In addition, He sent commandments and prohibitions so that everyone could stop following their nafs, control it, avoid its harms, and thereby live in comfort. The ’aql is a power which examines and distinguishes the good and bad influences coming from the brain, the devil, and the nafs. During this process, if it can choose the good, it is called ‘’Aql-i salîm’. Allâhu ta’âlâ, by sending Prophets in addition, informed His born slaves about what is good and useful, what is bad and harmful, and that all the desires of the nafs are bad. The ’aql can discriminate between the desires of the nafs and the things which were stated to be useful by Prophets, and communicate this realization to the heart. If the heart prefers the thoughts which come from the ’aql, the desires of nafs will not be committed; that is, you will not let your limbs do that action. If one prefers and wishes to do the deeds which are said to be good according to the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya, one will attain happiness. The process of preferring and wishing good or evil with the heart is called ‘Kasb.’ Human limbs of movement are dependent on the brain, and the brain is dependent on the heart. They act compatibly with the orders of the heart. The heart is a centre wherein all the influences coming from the sense organs, the spirit, the nafs, and the devil are accumulated. Therefore, if the heart follows the ’aql, creation of the nafs will not prevent people from attaining eternal blessings.].