Question: Are Kalîm-Allah and Kalimat-Allah the same? Why is Hadrat ‘Îsâ called Ruh-Allah? Âdam is referred to as Safî-Allah. What do these terms mean?
To start with, let us list the titles given to arch-prophets:
Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm is referred to as Habîb-Allah.
Ibrâhîm (Abraham) ‘alaihis-salâm is referred to as Khalîl-Allah.
Mûsâ (Moses) ‘alaihis-salâm is referred to as Kalîm-Allah.
‘Îsâ (Jesus) ‘alaihis-salâm is referred to as Ruh-Allah or Kalimat-Allah.
Âdam ‘alaihis-salâm is referred to as Safî-Allah.
Nuh (Noah) ‘alaihis-salâm is referred to as Najî-Allah.
These six prophets are superior to other prophets. They are called Ulu’l-‘azm (arch-prophets). Of them, the most superior is our master the Prophet, Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm.
Habîb-Allah means Allahu ta’âlâ’s Beloved, because whom He loves the most is he. He created the universe for him.
Kalîm-Allah means the one with whom Allahu ta’âlâ spoke. Kalîm means the one to whom something has been said, with whom a talk has been had.
Kalimat-Allah means Allahu ta’âlâ’s kalima. Kalima in this context means a spirit. It also means a word of wisdom. The appellations Ruh-Allah and Kalimat-Allah, which are applied to ‘Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm, mean a person whom Allahu ta’âlâ created without a father by blowing from His spirit. It also means a person who preaches Allah’s words, which are full of hikmah. The word kalima should not be confused with the word kalîm.
Khalîl-Allah means the friend of Allahu ta’âlâ, because there was no love for creatures and there was only love for Allahu ta’âlâ in his heart.
Safî-Allah means a pure person who has been created as select by Allahu ta’âlâ’s favor.
Najî-Allah means the one who always busies himself with Allahu ta’âlâ and the one who gets happy through divine fayd.
They, except our master the Prophet, were sent to a tribe or a nation. Our master the Prophet, on the other hand, was sent to all worlds. All of the other prophets gave glad tidings to their communities that he would come. On the Mi’râj Night, he became the imâm for all of them and conducted namâz.