Attitude that disbelievers have assumed towards Islam vary. However, they may be summed up in two major groups. Those in the first group mind their own worldly business and perform their acts of worship and do not attack Muslims. Realizing their inferiority against Islam’s strength and greatness, they have accepted to pay the jizya, thus accepting asylum in Islam’s domination and justice. These disbelievers are called Ahl-i dhimmat or dhimmî. It is necessary to dislike disbelievers of this kind and to view them as enemies; yet it is harâm to oppress them or to hurt their hearts. It is written in the ‘Siyar’ section of Fatâwâi- Khayriyya: “Something which is forbidden for Muslims is forbidden for the dhimmîs, too. Fornication, eating in public during Ramadân, violating the fast publicly, dancing, music, interest (a percentage of a sum of money loaned to someone or borrowed from someone), going out uncovered are forbidden for them, too. Only alcoholic drinks and pork are not forbidden for them. It is permitted to visit them when they are sick or at other times and to travel together with them.” It is written in the subject on ‘ta’zîr’[1] in Multaqâ and Durr-ul-Mukhtâr and in other Fiqh[2] books: “A Muslim who insults a disbeliever, for instance by saying, “You are an adulterer,” or who hurts their hearts by saying ‘disbeliever’ or who backbites them will be subjected to ta’zîr, that is, he will be thrashed with a stick, for it is a sin to hurt others. Also, it is a sin to touch their property.” It is written in the fifth volume of Durr-ul-Mukhtâr: “It is worse to torment the dhimmî, who is a non-Muslim compatriot, than it is to torment a Muslim. To mistreat and torture an animal is worse than doing the same thing to a dhimmî. It is permitted to greet the dhimmî and to shake hands with him in order not to hurt him. The case is the same with greeting a sinner who commits sins publicly.”

The book Beriqa says while explaining the disasters incurred by one’s own hands: “It is permissible to kill ants that do harm to man and his food, provided they will not be tormented or thrown into water. It is permissible to burn wood that has ants inside after shaking it or by banging it down on the ground. It is always permissible to kill mice, lice, fleas, scorpions and locusts. It is makrûh to throw lice, while they are alive, on the ground or to burn any living creature. It is permissible to slaughter, shoot or poison a harmful cat, a mad dog or wild beasts with a sharp knife. It is not permissible to thrash them. Thrashing is done in order to  teach manners. Since an animal doesn’t have reason it cannot be taught manners. In case it is necessary to kill a living thing, it is permissible to kill it by burning it when there is no other way.”

It is permissible to excise one of a person’s limbs in order to cure a disease like gangrene. It is permissible to incise into the bladder [the kidney and the gall] in order to get stones out. It is never permissible to slap a living thing on the face for any reason.

As for the second group of disbelievers; they cannot stand the brightness of the Islamic sun. They try to demolish the Islamic religion with all their forces and negative propaganda through media. These poor people do not realize that to eradicate Islam from the world means to deprive people of happiness, comfort, safety, and to expose themselves and all humanity to disasters and troubles. In short, it means to cut the ground from under their own feet. Allâhu ta’âlâ, by declaring: “In order to avoid suffering the attacks and torments of disbelievers and in order to enable them to attain endless bliss, work as ceaselessly as is humanly possible. Make the most perfect media of war,” in the sixtieth âyât of Sûrat-ul-Anfâl, commands us to honour these disbelievers by helping them to become Muslims or not to meddle with the daily work or the acts of worship of those who yield themselves to Islam’s protection by accepting to pay the jizya. We must protect the lives, property, and chastity of such people. Thus, He wants the whole world to unite under Islam’s flag; He wants everyone to have îmân and to love one another. He commands us to establish a justice that will include all those who persist in disbelief even though they understand Islam. We must endeavour to provide comfort for people, for animals, for the living, for the dead, and for all beings.

[1] General name for various types of punishment which the Islamic religion inflicts for some crimes. The punishments of ta’zîr are explained in detail in the eleventh chapter of the sixth fascicle of Endless Bliss.

[2] A branch of Islamic knowledge that mainly includes actions commanded, actions prohibited and actions neither commanded nor prohibited.

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