It is written in the fifth chapter of the book Kimyâ-yi sa’âdat: Rasûlullah (Hadrat Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’) stated: “The basis and the most dependable symptom of îmân is to love Muslims and to dislike disbelievers.” Allâhu ta’âlâ declared to Hadrat Îsâ (Jesus ‘’alaihi’s-salâm’), “Even if you do acts of worship equal to the sum of worship performed by all creatures on the earth and in heavens, it will be of no value unless you love whom I love and unless you feel hostility towards My enemies.” Every Muslim should dislike the enemies of Allâhu ta’âlâ. He should love those who obey Islam.

He should make it evident in his words and, if possible, in his actions. He should not be friends witthose who are disobedient and sinful, and should utterly keep away from habituated sinners. He should all the more avoid the cruel, and those who persecute muslims. Yet he should forgive those who only torment him and should endure their torments; this is very useful. Some of our superiors used to treat sinners and the cruel very severely. And others used to show them only mercy and respect and used to advise them. That is, thinking that everything happened according to qadâ and qadar[1] they felt pity for sinners and the cruel. Their thought is great and valuable but idiots or those who are ignorant cannot understand it and they may get the wrong idea. Those whose beliefs are weak and who are neglectful in following the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya, think that they are contented with Allâhu ta’âlâ’s qadâ and qadar. However, there must be evidence and proof for this state of contentment.

If they beat a person, snatch away his property and insult him and he still doesn’t become angry, forgives them and pities them, it is understood that he is content with qadâ. But if he, while becoming angry at such times, pities those who disobey Allâhu ta’âlâ and says that it is their qadar (fate), he is irresponsible, a munâfiq[1] and religiously ignorant. Thus, it is a symptom of not having strong îmân for those who do not know qadâ and qadar to pity and love sinners and disbelievers. It is fard to dislike and to be hostile towards those who stand against Islam or who are hostile towards Muslims. As well, it is fard to feel hostility towards those who accept the jizya[2]. Allâhu ta’âlâ declares in the Qur’ân, in the last âyat of Sûrat-ul-Mujâdala: “Those who believe in Allâhu ta’âlâ and the Day of Rising do not like the enemies of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Even if those disbelievers and munâfiqs are the fathers, mothers, sons, brothers and other close relatives of Muslims; they do not like them. I will put such Believers into Paradise.”

To appoint disbelievers as presidents over Muslims, by trusting them, is to disgrace Muslims, which is a grave sin. It is necessary to dislike holders of bid’at, i.e., those who want to defile the Muslims’ îmân. A Muslim must feel hostility towards them, and he must not acknowledge their greetings. He must also inform other Muslims about them. It is necessary not to talk to or make close friendships with those who hurt Muslims with their behaviours, words and writings by giving false witness, unjust judgments, or by way of lies, slander, and derision, although they may have îmân, practise acts of worship, and avoid sinning. In fact, such people must be treated severely.

We should mildly advise the sinners who do not hurt Muslims, even though they commit harâms, such as charging and paying interest, drinking alcoholic drinks, and gambling, Believers as they themselves may be. However, if they do not come to reason, we should not greet them or talk to them, but when they are sick we should visit them and acknowledge their greetings. [Those disbelievers who do not attack Muslims with their words, articles, or brute force must be addressed with kind words and a smiling face. We should not harm anybody.]

[1] A person who innerly deny one or more of what the Qur’ân and the Prophet declare and who does not let others know of his disbelief.

[2] The tax which disbelievers under Muslim control pay to a Muslim government. Allâhu ta’âlâ commands the jizya in the Qur’ân in order to disgrace disbelief.

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