1. JUDAISM:

The Jewish religion is the religion of people who believed in Hadrat Moses (Musa), and people who have survived up to today from the descendants of these believers. Hadrat Ibrâhim (’alaihi’s-salâm) was the father of Hadrat Ishâq (’alaihi’s-salâm), who was the father of Hadrat Ya’qûb (’alaihi ’ssalâm).

Hadrat Ya’qûb’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) alternate name was Isrâîl (Israel). Isrâîl means Abdullah and Abdullah means “Allah’s slave.” Therefore, descendants of Hadrat Ya’qûb’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) twelve sons are called Benî Isrâîl (Sons of Israel). Hadrat Mûsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm) was a great prophet. He was assigned to the Benî Isrâîl. Their population increased in Egypt. They worshipped devotedly. But, they were subjected to oppression and degrading treatment. According to some sources, he was born in Egypt 1705 years before ’Îsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm). He lived in Pharaoh’s palace until he was forty. After becoming acquainted with his relatives, he moved to the city of Madyan. There he married the daughter of Shu’ayb (’alaihi ’s-salam).

Later on, he set off back to Egypt. On his way, he spoke with Allâhu ta’âlâ on the Mount of Tur (Sina). He is estimated to have died some time around the year 1625 B.C. Hadrat Mûsa (’alaihi ’s-salâm) took the Benî Isrâîl out of Egypt. He spoke with Allâhu ta’âlâ again on Mount Tur. He was granted “the ten commandments” by Allâhu ta’âlâ. He communicated to the Benî Isrâîl the Awâmir Ashara (the ten commandments.) He also tried to instill in them the belief that there is only one Allah. He conveyed to them the Tawrât (Torah) revealed by Allâhu ta’âlâ.

But he could not take them to the places promised to them. The Benî Isrâîl were never able to understand his divine injunctions. The state of Assyria (Âsûrî) invaded Jerusalem twice before the advent of ’Îsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm), and Andrian, a Roman Emperor, in 135 A.D. massacred most of the Jews in Jerusalem. They burned their copies of the Torah; as a result, the Torah was lost. As time passed, the Jews became more corrupt. They divided into seventy-one sects. They altered and defiled the Torah. They wrote a book of religion entitled the Talmûd which has two parts: Mishna and Gamâra. The book Mîzân-ül Mevâzîn proves, beyond a doubt, that the books in the hands of today’s Jews and Christians that are declared to be the Torah and the Bible are not Allâhu ta’âlâ’s word (kalâm). The book Mîzân-ül Mevâzîn is in Persian. On its 257th page, the book says: According to Jewish beliefs, Allâhu ta’âlâ inspired Moses (Mûsâ [’alaihi ’s-salâm]) with some sciences on Mount Tur (Sina), along with the Torah. Hadrat Moses conveyed those teachings to Hârun, Yûshâ and al- Ye’âzâr. These people communicated these teachings to the succeeding Prophets, and finally to Saint Yahûdâ. During the second century of the Christian era these teachings were written into a book by Saint Yahûdâ over a forty – year period. This book was given the name Mishna. Two annotations were written for Mishna during the third and sixth centuries of the Christian era, in Jerusalem and in Bâbel (Babylon), respectively. The name Gamâra was given to those commentaries. Each one of the two Gamâra books was put into a single book with the Mishna and given the name Talmûd. The book containing the Gamâra written in Jerusalem and the Mishna is called the Talmûd of Jerusalem.

The other book containing the Gamâra written in Bâbel and the Mishna is called the Talmûd of Babel. Christians show bitter hostility to these three books. One of the reasons for their hostility is that they believe that one of the men who communicated the Mishna was Sham’un, a bearer of the cross which was used to crucify Jesus Christ. In the book Talmûd, there are some things which are held as true by Muslims. For this reason. Christians deny Islam as well.” Jewish people call their men of religion “Haham.” Al-Ye’âzâr is the son of Shuaib (’alaihi ‘s-salâm). The Jews attach as much importance to the Talmûd as they do to the Torah.

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