It is stated in the book Almunkizu Aniddalâl: “As the things that are understood through reason are superior to those perceived through sense organs, and as the former may prove the latter wrong; that is, as our sense organs cannot perceive the things comprehended through reason, likewise reason is incapable of comprehending facts realized at the rank of prophethood. Reason has no other option than to believe. How can reason assess things which it cannot understand? How can it decide if they are right or wrong?
To try to investigate with reason the things that have been understood through convention; in other words, the things which Prophets have explained, is like forcing a loaded cart to go uphill while it can hardly move on a level road. If the horse is whipped uphill, it will either fall down or die from fatigue. Or, in order to get on the level road it has been used to, it will turn right or turn left, overturning the cart and spoiling its load. So, if reason is forced to solve the reality of the next world, which it cannot cope with or comprehend, the person will either go out of his mind, or, by attempting to liken it to worldly affairs, which he is accustomed to, he will go wrong, become deceived, and deceive others. Reason is a gauge, a tool used to measure things that are like those which can be perceived or felt through the senses or things that are – 67 – relative to them. Reason can compare them with one another and distinguish the good ones from the bad ones. Since it cannot discern things that have no relation with such things, it will be overwhelmed by them. Then, there is no other choice but to believe the things communicated by Prophets without consulting reason. It is understood that following Prophets is a necessity indicated by reason, and it is a way which is agreeble with reason. It is an action contrary to reason to attempt to consult reason about a Prophet’s statements, which are beyond and above reason. It is like walking heedlessly at unfamiliar places in the pitch darkness of the night or the sailing of an inexperienced captain in the open sea without a compass on a dark night; they can at any moment fall into an abyss or whirlpool. As a matter of fact, philosophers and materialists, who attempt to explain facts through their imagination, have gone wrong in most of the things that were beyond their logic. They were bringing many facts into view, whereas, in fact, they were preventing people from attaining endless bliss. Reasonable ones among them have always been able to understand and communicate this pathetic situation. There are many examples. An article by Professor F.Arnd, a famous German chemist, states in his book Tecribî Kimya (Experimental Chemistry), which was published in Istanbul in Turkish: “The reason why improvements in science and knowledge have been at a standstill for almost fifteen hundred years is due to a fault in Aristotelianism.”
In Islam there are many things that reason cannot comprehend, but there is nothing contrary to reason. If knowledge of the next world, things which Allâhu ta’âlâ likes or dislikes, and forms of worshipping Him were within mind’s ability to understand, and if they could be ascertained through reason, there would be no need for sending thousands of Prophets. People would be able to see and find happiness in this world and in the next by themselves, and, in this case, Allâhu ta’âlâ would have sent Prophets in vain and unnecessarily (never!). It is because reason cannot find or solve the knowledge pertaining to the next world that Allâhu ta’âlâ sent a Prophet to every part of the world in each century, and finally, He sent Hadrat Muhammad as a Prophet for the whole world until the end of the world. All Prophets, instead of meddling in worldly affairs that are ascertained through reason, only commanded and encouraged their people to work in order to find them and utilize them, and they explained how each worldly affair can lead people to everlasting happiness or perdition. They also – 68 – explained clearly the things which Allâhu ta’âlâ liked and disliked. Then, let us be reasonable: An ignorant person who does not know of today’s technical information and experiments, which expose to view the subtleties of Allah’s infinite power, and who, let alone reading and understanding the books of Islamic superiors, has not even heard of their names –a fact that can be inferred from his words– and who is an enemy of Islam working under the mask of a philosopher, behind the veil of a newspaper writer; how can an idea put forward by such a person with his ever faulty reason ever be held superior to the words of Allah’s Prophet? How can an ignorant person’s words ever blemish our Prophet’s commands and words, which encompass the knowledge of health, science, morals, justice and all branches of happiness that are written in our books and which are respected and admired by men of knowledge, experience and science that have come from all parts of the world for the last fourteen hundred years, and in which no one has ever been able to find any fault or defect? Can there be another case of wretchedness and misery more pathetic than this? The perfect wisdom is the wisdom that doesn’t go wrong and doesn’t make any mistakes. Can an ignoramus, who bandies thoughts about, claim that he never goes wrong – not only in affairs that mind cannot grasp, but perhaps even in his own daily affairs? Who will ever believe such a claim? Let alone a single person, today’s supposedly most intelligent Christians come together and elect the wisest ones among them, and these people pass laws by using all their brains and knowledge. Then, expecting certain results, the same people grow dissatisfied and have to change their own laws. There is one thing on earth that is never defiled and which cannot be changed: the Qur’ân al-kerîm of Allâhu ta’âlâ and the hadîth-i-sherîfs of Rasûlullah, (i.e., his blessed utterances.
A man of science who has thoroughly comprehended the rules of Islam and who has observed the short history of the scientific branches that form a basis for today’s civilization will clearly see that in the course of history no technical achievement, no scientific fact has ever stood against Islam, but all have always been compatible with it. How can they be at odds while it is Islam which commands us to observe nature, to study matter and energy, and to rely on reason in everything? Allâhu ta’âlâ declares at many places of the Qur’ân al-kerîm: “Take lessons from your predecessors by observing their lives, the path they chose, and what happened to them. Observe the earth, the skies, the living, the lifeless, and yourselves! Study the inner nature, the essence of what you see. Find and see, understand My greatness, and the dominion which I have over all these!”
Allâhu ta’âlâ has related îmân (which is the basis of Islam) to experimentation and the intellect. That is, the building of Islam has been erected upon these two principles. All other worships, blessings, and forms of obedience are the branches and twigs of this tree of îmân. Allâhu ta’âlâ, at many places of the Qur’ân alkerîm, scolds and disgraces disbelievers because they didn’t use their minds; they didn’t think by observing the earth, the skies and themselves, so that they could have attained îmân. The book Ma’rifatnâma writes: “Sayyid Sherîf Jurjânî, a great Islamic scholar, says that the knowledge of astronomy helps a wise and reasonable person to realize the existence of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Imâm- ı Ghazâlî says that he who does not know astronomy and anatomy cannot realize Allah’s existence and power.”
Yes, the righteous religion of Hadrat Îsâ (Jesus) was changed insidiously in a short time by his enemies. A Jew named Paul claimed that he believed ’Îsâ, and it appeared as if he was spreading the religion of ’Îsâ ‘’alaihissalâm’. However, he annihilated the Injîl, which descended from heaven. Later four people appeared, and they put in writing what they had heard from the twelve apostles. Thus four books in the name of the Bible were compiled, but the lies of Paul were inserted into them. In addition, although an apostle named Barnabas correctly recorded what he had heard and seen from hadrat ’Îsâ, this Bible by Barnabas was also destroyed. In the course of time, the number of Injîls increased and concocted and different Bibles were read at different places. Constantine the Great, formerly a pagan, accepted Christianity, and after enlarging and improving the city, he gave it the name Constantinople (today’s Istanbul). In the year 325 A.D. he convened three hundred and nineteen priests in Nicea, ordered all the Bibles to be united and a new Bible to be written, having many articles of paganism from his former religion inserted into it. Accepting Christmas Day as the beginning of the year, he established a new Christian religion. It had been declared in the Injîl (the real Bible) of Hadrat ’Îsâ and in the Bible written by Barnabas that Allah is one. Yet, because they did not have the original Injîl, the dogma of Trinity put forward by Plato, whom they esteemed as a philosopher, was integrated into these four defiled books. Constantine had this idea of Trinity put into the new Bible together with a number of fables. A priest named Arius said that this new Bible was wrong, that Allah is one, that Hadrat Îsâ was not His son but His born slave; yet they wouldn’t listen to him. They excommunicated him. Arius fled to Egypt and spread the tawhîd (unity of Allah) there, but he was killed.
The kings succeeding Constantine veered between Arius’s sect and the new Christianity. In Istanbul the second and the third, in Ephesus, which is between Izmîr and Aydın, the fourth, and in Kadıköy the fifth and again in Istanbul the sixth meetings were held, and thus many new Bibles appeared. Eventually, Martin Luther and Calvin made the final changes in 931 [A.D. 1524] and added lies to the truth heard from the hawârîs (the apostles of Hadrat ’Îsâ); Christians who believed in this new Bible were called Protestants. Thus, a religion contrary to reason and reality came forth in the name of Christianity. How can the attacks that are rightfully made against Christianity in Europe be deflected towards Islam?
Escaping torment in the next world is dependent only upon following Muhammad ‘’alaihis-salâm’. He who follows the way guided by him will attain the love of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Those who follow in his footsteps will be close to Allâhu ta’âlâ. He who adapts himself to him will get the happiness of being a faithful born slave of Allâhu ta’âlâ. The greatest ones of the more than a hundred and twenty-four thousand Prophets that came to the world desired to follow him. If Hadrat Mûsâ (Moses) had lived in his time, despite his greatness, he would have preferred to follow him. All Muslims know that Hadrat ’Îsâ will descend from heaven and follow his way. Muslims who are of his Ummat are the most auspicious and best of all people because they have adapted themselves to him. Most of those who will enter Paradise are from among them, and they will enter before all other people.