MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-salâm’

The following passages have been paraphrased from Mir’ât-ikâinât. That book gives also the sources of most of the miracles related, yet we have not written the sources. And we have abridged most of the miracles.

There are a considerable number of witnesses testifying to the fact that Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ is the true Prophet. Allâhu ta’âlâ acclaims him with the following complimentary inspiration: “Had it not been for thee, (O My beloved Messenger,) I would not have created anything!” All beings signify not only the existence and unity of Allâhu ta’âlâ, but also the prophethood and the superior virtues of Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’. All the miracles, (which are called kerâmat,) that happen through the Awliyâ among his Ummat (Muslims) are, in actual fact, his miracles, (which are called mu’jiza, as we have explained earlier).

For kerâmats happen through people who follow him and adapt themselves to him. In fact, because all the other Prophets ‘alaihimus-salawâtu wa-t-taslîmât’ yearned to be among his Ummat (Muslims), or, rather, because all of them were created from his nûr (light, halo), their miracles, too, may be said to be Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm’ miracles. Qasîda-i-Burda, by Imâm-Busayrî [d. 695 (1295 C.E.), Egypt], is a pulchritudinous expression of this fact.

With respect to time, the miracles of Muhammad ‘alaihissalâm’ fall into three categories:

In the first category are those miracles that took place in the period beginning with the creation of his blessed soul and ending with his Bi’ that, (which is the time when Allâhu ta’âlâ appointed him His Messenger, which He notified to him through His angel Jebrâîl ‘alaihis-salâm’).

The second category consists of those which took place within the time from the Bi’that to his transposition to the Hereafter. Into the third category fall his miracles that have happened since his passing away, as well as those which will take place till the end of the world.

Miracles in the first category are called Irhâs, i.e. the beginners. Each category is divided into two classes: Miracles that were seen; and those which are inferred mentally. All these miracles are so many that it has never been possible to tally them.

Miracles in the second category are estimated to be around three thousand. We shall relate eighty-six of them in the following paragraphs.

1– The greatest miracle of Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ is the Qur’ân al-kerîm. All the poets and men of literature that have come up to today have acknowledged their shortcoming and admiration about the poetic and semantic superiority of the Qur’ân al-kerîm. They have not been able to rehearse a literary piece approximating to the sublime standard of any one of its âyats. With respect to eloquence and rhetoric, it is quite dissimilar to the human language. A single verbal addition or excision spoils the beauty in its phraseology and purport. Efforts to substitute even one of its words have proven futile. Its poetic style is unlike any one of those of Arabian poets. It informs about many a past and present event. The more you read it or hear it, the more enthusiasm will you feel to read or hear it. Tired as you normally may be, you never feel bored. It is a fact established with innumerable events experienced that reading it or listening to someone reading it cures melancholy. Awe-strickenness or sudden feelings of fear upon hearing it being read or recited are not rare events, and some people have even died with its effect.

Many implacably inimical hearts became mollified when they heard the Qur’ân al-kerîm being read or recited, and their owners became Believers. Some enemies of Islam, particularly those insidious heretics disguised in Muslim names, i.e. the groups called Muattalâ, Melâhida and Qarâmita, attempted to change, to defile, and to substitute the Qur’ân al-kerîm, yet their attempts ended in disillusionment. The Torah and the Bible, on the other hand, have been changed continuously, and they are still being changed, by people. The Qur’ân al-kerîm contains information about all scientific facts, including those that cannot be obtained by way of experimentation, beautiful ethical principles and methods that will equip a person with superior merits, goodnesses that will bring happiness in this world and the next, the earliest creatures as well as the last ones, and things from which man can reap benefits as well as those which will cause harm, and all these things are stated expressly or symbolically. And there are people who can understand the symbolical statements.

The Qur’ân alkerîm is an embodiment of all the open and hidden facts contained in the Torah, in the Bible, and in the Zebûr.[1] [1] The Holy Book which Allâhu ta’âlâ sent down to Dâwûd ‘alaihissalâm’ (David). That Holy Book was in the Hebrew language. Christians call it ‘The Psalms’.

Allâhu ta’âlâ, alone, knows all the information contained in the Qur’ân al-kerîm. He has intimated most of it to His beloved Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. Alî and Huseyn ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ’ stated that they knew a major part of that knowledge. It is a grand blessing to read the Qur’ân al-kerîm.

Allâhu ta’âlâ has bestowed this blessing on the Ummat (People) of His Habîb (beloved one, darling, i.e. Muhammad ‘alaihissalâm’), (that is, on Muslims). Angels are deprived of this blessing. For this reason, they gather together at places where people are reading the Qur’ân al-kerîm and listen to it. All the books of tafsîr explain only a tiny part of the information contained in the Qur’ân al-kerîm. On the Day of Judgement, Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ shall mount the minbar and recite the Qur’ân al-kerîm. People who listen to him will understand it in its entirety.

2– One of the greatest and universally known miracles of Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ is his dividing the moon into two. No other Prophet was blessed with this miracle. Muhammad ‘alaihissalâm’ was fifty-two years old. One day, in Mekka, the chieftains of Qoureishi unbelievers came to him and challenged, “If you are the Prophet, divide the moon into two.” Feeling a strong yearning that everybody, especially his kith and kin should join the Believers, Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ raised his hands and invoked. Allâhu ta’âlâ accepted his invocation and divided the moon into two. One half of the moon was on a mountain, while the other half appeared on another. The unbelievers said, “Muhammad performs magic,” and they persisted on their denial.

A stanza reads as follows:

When dogs look at the moon, they bark.
Why should we blame the moon? Hark!
You know, a dog will always bark!

And a distich:

Loss of taste is symptomatic of loss of health,
Delicious drinks taste bitter to one with bad health.

3– In some Holy Wars, at times of shortage of water, Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ put his blessed hand into a container, water poured down from between his fingers, and the container continuously overflowed with water. The number of people who consumed that water was sometimes eighty, sometimes three hundred, sometimes fifteen hundred, and sometimes, e.g. in the Holy War of Tabuk, seventy thousand, the number of their animals excluded. The pouring of water stopped when he took his blessed hand out of the container.

4– One day he visited his paternal uncle Abbâs in his home. He asked his uncle and his uncle’s children to sit beside him. Then he covered them with ihrâm[1][1] Seamless garment warn by Muslim pilgrims in Mekka. Please see the seventh chapter in the fifth fascicle of Endless Bliss. and invoked, “Yâ Rabbî (O my Allah)!

This is my uncle and my father’s brother. And these people are my Ahl-i bayt. Cover them and protect them from Hell-fire, as I cover them with this blanket.” A voice that seemed to be coming from the walls said, “Âmîn,” three times.

5– One day, when some people asked him to show them a miracle, he called to a tree in the distance, asking it to come before him. The tree uprooted itself, moved towards him, with its roots dragging behind, came before him, greeted him, (i.e., said “Assalâmu ’alaikum,”) and said, “Esh-hadu an lâ ilâha il-l-Allah, wa esh-hadu anna Muhammadan ’abduhu wa Rasûluh”, (which means, “I believe in and testify to that Allâhu ta’âlâ exists and He is One. And again, I believe in and testify to that Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ is His born slave and His Messenger.”) Then it moved back to its place and resumed its stand.

6– During the Holy War of Hayber, when they put poisoned mutton kebâb on the table before him, a voice was heard to say, “Yâ Rasûlallah (O the Messenger of Allah)! Don’t eat me. I am poisoned.”

7– One day he said to a man with an idol in his hand, “Will you become a Believer if the idol speaks to me?” The man defied, “I have been worshipping it for fifty years, and it has never said a word to me. How will it speak to you now?” When Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ asked, “O thou idol! Who am I?” a voice was heard to say, “You are the Prophet of Allah.” Upon this the owner of the idol joined the Believers.

8– There was a date stump in the Masjîd-i-Nabawî (the Prophet’s Mosque) in Medina. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ would lean on that stump whenever he made (the speech called) Khutba. The stump was called Hannâna. When a minbar (pulpit in a mosque) was made, he did not go to the stump to lean on it. The entire congregation heard a voice crying from within it.

The blessed Messenger dismounted the minbar and gave Hannâna a hug. It was no longer crying now. The Best of Mankind ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ explained, “Had I not hugged it, separation from me would make it cry till the doom of the world.” Many other similar miracles were seen and reported.

9– Another frequently seen event was that gravels or pieces of food in his hand would say tasbîh of Allâhu ta’âlâ like the droning of bees. (That is, they would say, “Subhânallah,” which means, “I know Allâhu ta’âlâ far from all sorts of imperfection.”)

10– One day an unbeliever came to him and said, “How do I know that you are a Prophet?” Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ asked, “Will you believe in me if I beckon to that cluster of dates on that palm and they (obey me and) come to me?” The unbeliever replied he would. When the Messenger of Allah beckoned the cluster of dates came, jumping. When the Messenger of Allah ordered, “Go back to your place,” the entire cluster went up to its place, hanging there as before. Upon seeing this, the unbeliever became a Believer.

11– In Mekka a pack of wolves attacked a flock of sheep and dragged away one of the sheep. When the shepherd charged at them and grappled the sheep back, one of the wolves began to talk, remonstrating, “Aren’t you afraid of Allâhu ta’âlâ, that you deprive us of our food, which Allâhu ta’âlâ has sent to us?”

Astounded, the shepherd mumbled, “Oh, a wolf talks!” The wolf went on, “Shall I tell you something which is even more surprising? Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’, the Prophet of Allâhu ta’âlâ, is displaying miracles in Medina.” The shepherd went to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, related what had happened, and became a Muslim.

12– Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ was strolling through a field, when he heard a voice saying, “Yâ Rasûlallah (O the Messenger of Allah)!” three times. He turned to the direction whence the voice came, to see a deer tied up. By its side slept a man. He asked the deer what she wanted. “This hunter has ensnared me,” whimpered the deer. “I have two sucklings on the hill over there. Please do let me go! I’ll go, milk them, and come back.” The Prophet ‘alaihis-salâm’ asked, “Will you keep your promise and come back?” The deer pledged, “I promise in the name of Allâhu ta’âlâ that I shall come back. If I don’t, then may the torment of Allâhu ta’âlâ be on me!” The Messenger of Allah set the deer free. She ran away, coming back sometime later. The Messenger of Allah tied her again. When the man woke up and asked, “O the Messenger of Allah! Is there something you want to order me to do?” the Prophet stated, “Emancipate this deer!” The deer was so happy that she stomped her two feet on the ground, exclaimed, “Ash-hadu an lâ ilâha il-l-Allah wa annaka Rasûlullah (I believe in and testify to that Allah exists and He is One and you are His Messenger),” and capered away.

13– One day he invited a villager to become a Believer. The villager defied, “I have a Muslim neighbor. I will believe in you if you resuscitate his dead daughter. They went to the girl’s grave, where Rasûlullah pronounced her name aloud and called her. A voice answered from the grave, and she came out. “Would you like to come back to the world,” questioned the Messenger of Allah. The girl said, “Yâ Rasûlallah! I do not want to go back to the world. I feel more comfortable here than I used to back in my father’s home. A Muslim is better off in the Hereafter than in the world. When the villager saw this he joined the Believers.

14– Jâbir bin Abdullah ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ roasted a sheep. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and his Sahâba[1] ate it. “Do not break the bones,” ordered the blessed Messenger. He gathered the bones together, put his blessed hands on them, and prayed. Allâhu ta’âlâ enlivened the sheep.

15– A child was brought to Rasûlullah. It could not talk, though it was old enough. “Who am I?” asked the Messenger. The child replied, “You are the Messenger of Allah.” From then on he began to talk and did not lose its speech till death.

16– Someone inadvertently stepped on the eggs of a snake and lost his sight entirely. They brought him to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. When he put his blessed spittle on the man’s eyes, he began to see again. In fact, he was eighty years old when he still could thread a needle.

17– Muhammad bin Khatîb relates: “I was small. Boiling water poured on me, scalding my body all over. My father took me to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. The Messenger put his blessed spittle on the scalded parts of my body and prayed. I recovered immediately.”

18– A woman came with her bald son. The Messenger of Allah rubbed his blessed hands gently on the boy’s head. He healed. His hair began to grow.

19– According to a report which is written in two different books of Sunan written by Tirmuzî and Nesâî, one day a man with both eyes blind came to him and implored, “Yâ Rasûlallah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’! Please pray to Allâhu ta’âlâ so that I should regain my sight.” The Messenger of Allah recommended him the following prescription: “Make a faultless ablution! And then invoke like this: Yâ Rabbî (O my Allah)! I beg Thee. I ask of Thee through the intercession of Thy beloved Prophet Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’. O my darling Prophet Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’! I beg my Rabb through thee. I ask Him to give me for thine sake. Yâ Rabbî! Make this exalted Prophet my intercessor! For his sake, accept my invocation!” The man made an ablution and said the prayer. His eyes opened at once. Muslims have always said this prayer and attained their goals.

20– One day the Messenger of Allah and (his paternal uncle) Abû Tâlib were making a trek across a desert. Abû Tâlib said he was very thirsty. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ dismounted the animal and said, “Are you (thirsty)?” When he hit the ground with his blessed heel, water sprang up. He said, “Uncle, drink from this water!”

21– During the Holy War of Hudaybiya they encamped by a waterless well. The soldiers complained about the shortage of water. The Messenger of Allah asked for a bucket of water. He made an ablution with the water in the bucket, then spat into it, and then had the water in it poured into the well. Then he fetched an arrow and threw it down into the well. Upon this the well was seen to fill up with water.

22– In another Holy War the soldiers complained that they did not have enough water. The Messenger ‘alaihis-salâm’ sent two soldiers to look for water. They came back with a woman riding a camel. She had two qirbas of water. (A qirba is a leather container which was formerly used to carry fresh water.) The Messenger ‘alaihis-salâm’ asked the woman for some water. He poured the water that she gave into a container. The entire army utilized the water in the container. The soldiers made a queue, filled their own containers and tulums (goat-skin bottles). In return, they gave the woman some dates and filled her tulums, too. The Prophet ‘alaihissalâm’ said to her, “We have not decreased the amount of your water. It is Allâhu ta’âlâ who gave us the water.”

23– He was making (the speech termed) Khutba in Medina, when someone said, “Yâ Rasûlallah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’! Our children, animals and fields are perished with drought. Please do come to our rescue!” The Prophet raised his blessed hands and said his prayer. It was a cloudless day, yet he had hardly rubbed his blessed hands on his face when clouds covered the entire sky. Presently rain poured down. It rained continuously for several days. He was on the minbar preaching, again, when the same person complained, “Yâ Rasûlallah! We will perish with this rain.” Upon this the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ gave his usual radiant smile, and invoked, “Yâ Rabbî! Bestow Thy Compassion on Thy other slaves as well!” The clouds cleared away and the sun shone brightly.

24– Jâbir bin Abdullah ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ relates: I was badly in debt. I told Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ about it. He came in the yard of my house and walked around the pile of dates, making three rounds. Then he ordered, “Bid your creditors to come here.” Each creditor was given his due, and there was no decrease in the pile of dates.

25– A woman sent some honey as a present. The Messenger ‘alaihis-salâm’ accepted the honey, sending the empty container back. Some time later the container came back, full of honey again. The woman was there in person this time. She said, “O the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’! Why don’t you accept my present? What is the sin that I have committed?” The blessed Prophet said, “We have accepted your present. The honey that you see is the barakat which Allâhu ta’âlâ has given you in return for your present.” The woman and her children ate the honey for months. It never decreased. One day they inconsiderately put the honey into another container. When they ate it from that container, the honey was finished soon. When they reported this event to the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’, he stated, “If the honey had remained in the container that I had sent back, there would be no decrease in the honey even if they ate it till the end of the world.”

26– Abû Hureyra reports: I went to the Messenger of Allah with a few dates and asked him to invoke a blessing on them. He prayed so that they would have barakat, and warned me, “Take them and put them in your container. Whenever you need dates, pick them with your hand. Never attempt to pour them lest they should scatter around.” I always kept the bag containing the dates with me, day and night, and ate them continually till the time of ’Uthmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’. They were so abundant that people who were with me for various occasions ate plenty of dates, and I gave handfuls of dates as alms. On the day when ’Uthmân ‘radiy- Allâhu ’anh’ was martyred, the bag with the dates disappeared.

27– Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa-sallam’, like Suleymân (Solomon) ‘alaihis-salâm’, understood all sorts of animal language. Animals would frequently come to him and complain about their owners or other people. Events of this sort were seen by others many times. Each time an animal came to him, the Messenger of Allah would explain it to the As-hâb-ikirâm (his Companions). During the Holy War of Hunayn, he said to the white mule named DULDUL which he was riding: “Get down.” When Duldul knelt down with the command, he took a handful of sand from the ground and scattered it over the unbelievers.

28– Another frequently seen miracle of the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ is his informing about the unknown. There are three different groups of these miracles:

The first group of miracles consists of questions he was asked about events previous to his time. The answers he gave to these questions caused many unbelievers and implacable enemies to embrace Islam.

In the second group are his miracles whereby he informed about the events that happened during his time as well as those which were going to happen later.

The third group embodies his prophesies of the events that will happen in the world till Doomsday and also those which will happen in the Hereafter. We shall tell about some of the miracles in the second and third groups.

[During the early years of the call to Islam some of the As-hâbi-kirâm migrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) because of the persecutions perpetrated by the unbelievers. The Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and the Sahâbîs who stayed with him in Mekka lived for three years under multifarious embargo which deprived them of all sorts of social activity; so much so that they were not allowed to visit, to talk with or to trade with anyone except their Muslim co-religionists. The unbelievers of Qoureish wrote a unilateral pact containing the paragraphs of that embargo and hung it on the wall of Ka’ba-i-muazzama.

Allâhu ta’âlâ, the Almighty, set a worm called Arza upon that written document. That tiny worm ate up the entire document, with the exception of the part containing the expression Bismikallâhumma = in the name of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Allâhu ta’âlâ informed our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ about this event through Jibrîl-i-emîn (Gabriel the trustworthy). And our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, in his turn, told his paternal uncle Abû Tâlib about it. The following day Abû Tâlib went to the eminent ones of the unbelievers and conveyed to them what the blessed Prophet had told him, adding, “Muhammad’s Rabb (Allah) told him so. If his allegation proves to be true, then raise that embargo and do not prevent them from going about and seeing other people like before. If it is not true, I shall no longer protect him.”

The eminent ones of Qoureish accepted this suggestion. They gathered together and went to Ka’ba. They took the written pact down, opened it, and saw that, as Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ had stated, all the writings had been eaten up, and only the expression Bismikallâhumma had remained intact.]

Husrav, the Persian emperor, had sent envoys to Medina. One day Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ sent for them and, when they came, said to them, “Tonight your Chosroes was killed by his own son.” Some time later intelligence was received that Chosroes had been killed by his own son. [Iranian Shahs are called Chosroes.]

29– One day he said to his wife Hafsa ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’, “Abû Bakr and your father will preside over my Ummat.” By saying so, he gave the good news that Abû Bakr and Hafsa’s father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum’ were going to be Khalîfas.

30– He had put Abû Hureyra ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ in charge of the dates that had been (given by rich people as the zakât of their property and) brought to Medina. Abû Hureyra ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ caught someone stealing dates. He told the man that he would take him to the Messenger of Allah. Yet when the man said that he was poor and had a crowded family to support, he succumbed to his beggings and set him free. The following day, the Messenger of Allah sent for Abû Hureyra and asked him, “What had the man that you caught last night done?” When Abû Hureyra related what had happened, the blessed Prophet said, “He deceived you. He will come back.” Indeed, the following night the man came again and was caught. He begged again, “For the sake of Allah, let me go,” and was let go again. The third night his begging was no good. So this time he had recourse to another method. “If you let me go I’ll teach you something which will be very useful to you,” he proposed. When Abû Hureyra accepted it, he said, “If you recite (the âyat of the Qur’ân al-kerîm termed) Âyat al-kursî before you go to bed every night, Allâhu ta’âlâ will protect you and Satan will never approach you,” and left. The next day, when Rasûlullah asked Abû Hureyra what had happened the previous night, he told him everything. Upon this the Messenger said, “He told the truth this time. However, He is an abject liar. Do you know who you have been talking with for three nights?” “No, I don’t.” “That person was Satan.”

31– He sent troops to a region called Mûta to fight against the armies of the Byzantine Emperor. Four of the Sahâbîs, who were the commanders of the troops, were martyred, one after another. In the meantime the blessed Messenger was in Medina, preaching on the Minbar. Allâhu ta’âlâ showed him one by one all four martyrdoms, and he in turn related the events to the people with him.

32– As he was sending Mu’adh bin Jabal ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ as the governor to Yemen, he saw him to the city borders and gave him plenty of advice, finally saying, “You and I cannot meet again till the Rising Day.” Mu’adh was still in the Yemen when Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ passed away in Medina.

33– As he was passing away, he said to his daughter Fâtima, “Of all my relatives, you will be the first to meet me again.” It was six months later when Fâtima ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’ passed away, and no other relative of the Prophet had passed away yet.

34– He said to Qays bin Shemmâs ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, “You will lead a beautiful life and then die as a martyr.” Qays attained martyrdom in the battle fought against Musaylama-t-ul Kazzâb in Yamâma during the caliphate of Abû Bakr ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’.

He also foretold of the martyrdoms of ’Umar-ul-Fârûq, ’Uthmân, and ’Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhum ajma’în’.

35– He gave the good news that the lands belonging to the Persian emperor Chosroes and the Byzantine Kaiser would be conquered by the Muslims and their treasuries would be spent and dispensed for the sake of Allah.

36– He prophesied that a considerable number of his Ummat would go out for a Holy War on the sea and that Umm-u-Hirâm ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhâ’, one of the Sahâba, would be in that Holy War. During the caliphate of ’Uthmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, the Muslims sailed to Cyprus and made a war there. The blessed woman mentioned above was with them. She attained martyrdom there.

37– One day the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ was sitting on a raised place. He turned to the people with him and said, “Do you see what I see? I swear (in the name of Allah) that I see the fitna (mischief, insurrection, malice) that will take place amongst your houses and in the streets.” During the days when ’Uthmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ was martyred, and also in the time of Yezîd, great commotions erupted in Medina, many people were slain and blood flowed along the streets.

38– One day he foretold of an event wherein one of his wives would revolt against the Khalîfa. When Âisha ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhâ’, (his beloved wife,) was amused at his words, he said, “Yâ Humeyrâ[1][1] A word of endearment which our blessed Prophet called his blessed wife, Hadrat Âisha, the (spiritual) mother of all Muslims. Do not forget this word of mine! Mightn’ t you as well be that woman!” Then he turned to Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ and said, “If you should have the authority to decide about her, behave tenderly towards her!” It was thirty years later when Âisha ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’ made a war against Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at that time,) suffered a defeat and was held captive. Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ showed her kindness and deference and sent her from Basra to Medina.

39– He said to Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ [d. 60 (680 C.E.), Damascus], “If you should dominate over my Ummat one day, reward those people who do goodness, and forgive the malefactors!” Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ was the governor of Damascus for twenty years during the caliphate of ’Uthmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, and later he occupied the office of caliphate for twenty years.

40– One day he said, “Mu’âwiya will never suffer a defeat.” When Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ heard about this hadîth-isherîf during the battle of Siffîn he said, “I would never have fought against Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ had I heard about it before.”

41– He said to Ammar bin Yâser ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, “You will be killed by rebellious people, by bâghîs.” Indeed, Ammar attained martyrdom as Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ and he was fighting against Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’.

42– He said about Hasan, his daughter Fâtima’s son ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ’, “This son of mine is a source of khayr (goodness). Owing to him, Allâhu ta’âlâ will make peace between two great armies of Muslims.” Years later, he was about to enter into a war against Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, when he decided to give up and renounced his right of caliphate to Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ in order to prevent fitna and consequent bloodshed of Muslims.

43– Abdullah bin Zubeyr ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ’ saw Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ being cupped, and drank the blood coming out. When the blessed Messenger noticed this he stated, “Do you know the things that you will suffer from people? And they will suffer much from you. The fire of Hell will not burn you.” When Abdullah bin Zubeyr declared himself the Khalîfa in Mekka years later, Abd-ul-melik bin Merwan sent a huge army under the command of Hajjâj from Damascus. Abdullah was caught and killed.

44– One day he looked at Abdullah ibni Abbâs’s mother ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhum ajma’în’ and said, “You are going to have a son. Bring him to me when he is born!” Later, when the baby was born, they brought it to him. He recited the azân and the iqâmat into its ears and put his blessed spittle into its mouth. He named it ‘Abdullah’ and gave it back to its mother. “Take the father of Khalîfas with you!” he said. When Abbâs ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ heard about it, he visited the blessed Prophet and politely asked him why he had said so. The Prophet explained, “Yes, I said so. This child is the father of Khalîfas. Among them there will be (a person named) Seffâh, (one named) Mahdî, and a person who will perform namâz with Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’.” Many Khalîfas presided over the Abbasid state. All of them descended from Abdullah bin Abbâs.

45– One day he stated, “Among my Ummat there will come numerous people called Râfidî. They will leave the Islamic religion.”

46– He pronounced benedictions over many of his Sahâba, all his benedictions were accepted and were of benefit to the people concerned. Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ related: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ wanted to send me as the Qâdî [Judge] to Yemen. I said, “Yâ Rasûlallah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’! I do not know the job of a qâdî.” He put his blessed hand on my chest and invoked, “Yâ Rabbî! Intimate to this person’s heart whatever is right. Bless him with the quality of always telling the truth!” From then on I always sensed the right one among the complaints that came to me and my decisions were always correct.

47– The ten people whom the Messenger of Allah gratified with the good news that they would go to Paradise are called ’Ashara-i-mubashshara. Sa’d bin Ebî Waqqâs ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ was one of them. In the Holy War of Uhud the blessed Messenger invoked a blessing on him, saying, “Yâ Rabbî! Make his arrows reach their targets and also accept his invocations!” From then on all the prayers Sa’d said were accepted, and every arrow he threw hit the enemy.

48– He put his blessed hands on the forehead of his paternal uncle’s son, Abdullah bin Abbâs ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ’ and made the following prayer: “Yâ Rabbî! Make this person a profound scholar in the religion and an owner of hikmat! Bestow on him the knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim!” From then on, he was peerless in his time in all branches of knowledge, especially in tafsîr, in hadîth, and in fiqh. The Sahâba and the Tâbi’în[1]—[1] As we have explained earlier, a person who saw or spoke with the Messenger of Allah at least once, he is called a Sahâbî. If a person did not see the Prophet but if he saw or spoke with at least one Sahâbî, he is called Tâbi’. The plural form of Tâbi’ is Tâbi’în, which means those fortunate people who saw at least one of the Sahâba. People who did not see at least one Sahâbî, but who saw at least one of the Tâbi’în, are called Taba-i-Tâbi’în.—learned from him whatever they wanted to know. He made fame with nicknames such as ‘Terjumân-ul-Qur’ân’, ‘Bahr-ul-’ilm’, and ‘Raîs-ul mufassirîn’.[2] —[2] These terms mean, respectively, ‘Interpreter of the Qur’ân’, ‘Ocean of knowledge’, and ‘Chief of Mufassirîn (Scholars deeply learned enough to explain the Qur’ân al-kerîm).’— His numerous disciples enriched the Muslim countries.

49– He pronounced the following benediction for Enes bin Mâlik ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, one of his servants: “Yâ Rabbî! Make his property abundant and children numerous. Make his life long, and forgive him his sins!” As time passed, there was a gradual increase in his property. His orchards and vineyards yielded plenty of fruit every year. The number of his children reached beyond one hundred. He lived for a hundred and ten years. Towards the end of his life he supplicated, “Yâ Rabbî! Thou hast accepted three of the benedictions that Thy Beloved one pronounced over me, and Thou hast given me all these blessings. I wonder if Thou willst accept the fourth one and forgive me my sins?” A voice was heard to say, “I have accepted the fourth one as well. Keep your heart good!”

50– He invoked the following blessing on Mâlik bin Rebî’a ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’: “May you have profuse progeny!” Mâlik had eighty sons.

51– There was a widely-known poet named Nâbigha. When he recited some of his poems the blessed Messenger invoked on him the following blessing, which was widerspread among the Arabs: “May Allâhu ta’âlâ not let your teeth fall down!” Nâbigha was a hundred years old, and his white teeth still shone like beads of pearls.

52– He said the following prayer about Urwa bin Ju’d ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’: “Yâ Rabbî! Make his trade prolific!” Urwa acknowledges: “From then on, all my trade activities brought in profits. I never lost.

53– One day his daughter Fâtima ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anha’ came near him, white with hunger. He put his blessed hand on her bosom and invoked: “O my Rabb (Allah), Who satiates hungry people! Do not let Fâtima the daughter of Muhammad go hungry!” Presently Fâtima’s face became healthful and lively. She never felt hungry again till death.

54– He pronounced a benediction on Abd-ur-Rahmân bin Awf, who was one of the ’Ashara-i-mubashshara. There was such a great increase in his property that he became a subject of folktale.

55– He stated, “Every Prophet’s prayers are accepted. And every Prophet invoked blessings on their ummats. And I am praying for a permission to intercede for my Ummat on the Judgement Day. Inshâ-Allah, my prayer will be accepted. I shall intercede for all, except polytheists.”

56– He went to some villages in Mekka and did his best to persuade the villagers to become Believers. They refused. He pronounced a malediction over them so that they should suffer a catastrophe similar to the famine that had befallen the Egyptians in the time of the Prophet Yûsuf (Joseph) ‘alaihis-salâtu wassalâm’. That year famine struck the area, and the villagers ate carrion.

57– ’Utayba, a son of the Prophet’s uncle Abû Lahab, was at the same time the Prophet’s ‘alaihis-salâtu wassalâm’ son-in-law.

That person not only persisted in his denial of the Messenger of Allah, but also caused bitter grief to that Sarwar (Master of Prophets, Best of Mankind) ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. He divorced his wife Ummu Ghulthum, the Prophet’s blessed daughter. He even hurled some vulgar invectives at her. Deeply grieved, the Darling of Allâhu ta’âlâ supplicated, “Yâ Rabbî! Set one of Thine canines on him!” Before long, ’Utayba and his friends set out for a trade expedition to Damascus. Enroute, they made a halt for the night. They were sound asleep, when they had a silent intruder, a lion. The fierce animal smelled all the members of the group one by one. When it came to ’Utayba, it grabbed him and tore him to pieces.

58– There was a person who always ate with his left hand. When the Prophet said to him, “Eat with your right hand,” the unfortunate man had recourse to lying and said that his right hand would not move. “May your right hand never move again,” was the Prophet’s malediction. That person was never able to move his right hand towards his mouth till his death.

59– He sent a letter to the Persian Emperor Husrav Perviz, calling him to Islam. Being an ignominious person, Husrav tore the letter to pieces and martyred the envoy who had brought him the letter. Upon hearing about this, the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ felt badly disappointed and invoked evil on the emperor, saying, “Yâ Rabbî! Tear his property to pieces, in the same as he tore my letter!” Rasûlullah was still alive when Husrav was sliced with a dagger by his own son Shîravayh. And later, during the caliphate of ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, Muslims conquered the entire Persia, so that there was neither progeny nor property left from Husrav.

60– As the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ gave advice and performed amr-i-ma’rûf and nahy-i-munker[1] [1] To perform amr-i-ma’rûf and nahy-i-munker means to encourage others to obey the commandments of Allâhu ta’âlâ and to admonish them from committing His prohibitions. in the marketplace, a villain named Hakem bin Âs, who was at the same time Merwân’s father, followed Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ from behind, closed his eyes in mockery and pulled funny faces. When the Messenger ‘alaihis-salâm’ turned back and saw him, he accursed, “May you remain as you represent yourself to be.” So the villain’s face maintained its funny pull until his death.

61– Allâhu ta’âlâ always protected His Habîb (Darling) against disasters. Abû Jahl was the most implacable enemy of the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. One day, that avowed unbeliever took a big stone and raised it to hit the Prophet’s blessed head. Suddenly he saw two snakes on Rasûlullah’s shoulders, one on each shoulder. He dropped the stone and took to his heels.

62– One day the Messenger of Allah was performing (the prayer termed) namâz beside the Kâ’ba-i-muazzama, when that same villain, Abû Jahl, grabbed the opportunity and tiptoed towards the blessed Messenger with a dagger in his hand.

Suddenly he stopped, agape with fright, turned back and ran away. When afterwards his friends asked him what had made him run away in such terror, he explained, “Suddenly a ditch of fire appeared between me and Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’, and quite a number of people were awaiting me. If I had made one more step they would catch me and hurl me into the fire. When the Muslims heard about the event, they asked Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ what the matter had been. The blessed Messenger explained, “The angels of Allâhu ta’âlâ would catch him and tear him to pieces.”

63– During the Holy War of Qatfân in the third year of the Hijrat (Hegira), the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ was lying under a tree, alone, when an unbeliever named Da’sûr, who was a wrestler at the same time, came with a sword in his hand and said, “Who will rescue you from me now?” “Allah will,” was Rasûlullah’s answer. When the blessed Messenger said so, the angel named Jebrâîl appeared in human guise and hit the unbeliever on the chest. He fell down and dropped the sword on the ground. The Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ took the sword in his hand and said, “Who will rescue you from me?” The man begged, “There is not a person better than you are to rescue me.” The blessed Prophet forgave him and let him go. The man joined the Believers and caused many other people to embrace Islam.

64– In the fourth year of the Hijrat, as Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ was talking with his Sahâba under the walls of the fortress belonging to the Jews in Benî Nadîr, a Jew intended to throw down a big mill-stone. As soon as he held out his hand to hold the stone, his both hands became crippled.

65– It was the ninth year of the Hegira, and crowds of people were coming from distant countries to embrace Islam. Two unbelievers named Âmir and Erbed mixed into the masses (with the intention to kill Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’). As Âmir feigned that he wanted to become a Muslim before Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’, Erbed prowled behind the Holy Prophet. When he attempted to unsheathe his sword, his hand would not move, as if paralyzed. Âmir, just opposite him, made a sign as if to say, “Why are you dithering?” Upon this the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ stated, “Allâhu ta’âlâ has protected me from the harm of you two.” When the two villains left together, Âmir asked Erbed why he had not abided by his promise. The latter explained, “How could I have? I attempted to draw my sword a couple of times. At each attempt I saw you between us?” A few days later, on a sunny day, suddenly the sky was covered with clouds and Erbed and his camel ware stricken to death by a thunderbolt.

66– One day the Messenger ‘alaihis-salâm’ made an ablution, put on one of his mests,[1][1] Soleless leather boots worn under the shoes. and was about to put on the other one, when a bird came fluttering, snatched the mest and shook it in the air. A snake fell out of the mest. Then the bird left the mest on the ground and flew away. From that day on, it has been sunnat[2][2] Any behaviour which is not commanded by Allâhu ta’âlâ but which is done and recommended by our Prophet ‘alaihis-salâm’. to shake your shoes before putting them on.

67– The Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ had appointed special guards to protect him in Holy Wars and in deserts. When the sixty-seventh âyat-i-kerîma of Mâida Sûra was revealed, which purports, “Allah will protect thee from the harms of human beings,” he gave up the practice of having personal guards. He would walk about alone among the enemies and sleep alone without feeling any fear.

68– Enes bin Mâlik ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ had a handkerchief with which the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ had dried his blessed face once. Enes would dry his face with that handkerchief and put it in a fire when it became dirty. The dirts would burn while the handkerchief remained unburnt and became extremely clean.

69– He drank water out of a bucket pulled up from a well and then poured the remaining water back into the well. From that time on the well always smelled of musk.

70– ’Urwa bin Firqad ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ caught the illness termed rash. The Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ took his clothes off, spat on his own blessed hands, and rubbed his body with his hands. The patient recovered. For a long time his body smelled of musk.

71– Selmân-i-Fârisî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ left Iran and set out on a journey over various countries in quest for the true religion. He joined a caravan belonging to the tribe called Benî Kelb and headed for Arabia. When they reached an area called Wâdi’-ul-qurâ enroute to Arabia, his companions committed the treason of selling him as a slave to a Jew, who in turn sold him as a slave to his Jewish relative from Medina. This event coincided with the Hegira (Hijrat), and when Selmân was in Medina he heard about Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ honouring Medina with his presence. He was very happy because he was a Nazarene scholar and had made that long trek all the way to Arabia with a view to becoming a Believer of the latest time’s Prophet, as he had been advised by a great scholar, his last spiritual guide. That great scholar had taught him Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ personality traits and had told him that the Prophet would accept presents and refuse alms, that there was a prophetic seal (a beauty-spot) between his two shoulders, and that he had many miracles. Selmân-i-Fârisî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ took some dates to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, saying that they were alms. The blessed Messenger would not eat any of them. Then he took him some twenty-five dates in a plate, and said that they were intended for a present. The Messenger of Allah ate some of them, and offered the rest to his Sahâba. So all the As-hâb-i-kirâm ate dates. A thousand stones remained from the (twenty-five) dates eaten. And Selmân saw that miracle of Rasûlullah’s, too. The following day there was a funeral, and Selmân wished to see the prophetic seal.

The Messenger of Allah somehow sensed this, stripped off his shirt, and the muhr-u-nubuwwa (the prophetic seal) was seen. Selmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ became a Believer at once. An agreement was made (between Selmân and his Jewish owner) that he would be manumitted in return for three hundred date-palms and sixteen hundred dirhams of gold in a couple of years. Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ heard about this. He planted two hundred and ninety-nine date-palms with his own blessed hands. The same year the palms yielded fruit. One palm, which had been planted by ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, was fruitless.

Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ uprooted that palm and then replanted it with his blessed hands. Dates appeared on the palm at once. Then they gave Selmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ a gold as big as an egg, which had been taken as a ghanîma in a Holy War. Selmân took it to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ and said that the gold was too small to weigh sixteen hundred dirhams. The Messenger held the gold in his blessed hands and gave it back to Selmân, telling him to take it to his owner. Half of the gold sufficed to pay his debt to his owner, and the remaining half became Selmân’s ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ property.

72– One day the Rasûl ‘alaihis-salâm’ was performing namâz, when Satan came and attempted to distract him from namâz. He caught the devil with his blessed hands, and let him go only after the latter had promised not to attempt to spoil namâz.

73– Abdullah bin Ubayy, the chief of the hypocrites in Medina, sent for the Messenger of Allah towards his death and begged him, “Please make me a shroud from the shirt you are wearing.” It being the blessed Prophet’s habit to give whatever was asked of him, he presented his shirt to him and also (when that person died) performed (the prayer called) the janâza[1][1] See Endless Bliss, fifth fascicle, fifteenth chapter. for him. Admiring this exemplary generosity of the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’, one hundred other hypocrites in Medina embraced Islam altogether.

74– Among the unbelievers of Qoureish, Welîd bin Mughîra, Âs bin Wâil, Hâris bin Qays, Aswad bin Yaghûs, and Aswad bin Muttalib were ahead of others in persecuting and tormenting the Messenger of Allah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. Jebrâîl ‘alaihis-salâm’ came and brought the ninety-fifth âyat of Hijr Sûra, which purported, “We shall punish those who make fun of thee…,” and pointed to Welîd’s foot, to the second one’s heel, to the third one’s nose, to the fourth one’s head, and to the fifth one’s eyes. Welîd was wounded with an arrow, which went deep into his foot.

Being an extremely arrogant person, he did not stoop to pull the arrow out. So the metal part of the arrow penetrated into the tendon of the ankle and caused sciatica. Âs stepped on a sharp thorn, which entered deep into his heel and caused it to swell like a bag. Hâris’s nose bled continuously. Aswad was sitting happily under a tree, when he hit his head on the tree. And the fifth person, who was named Aswad, too, became blind. All those five people perished in the end.

75– Tufeyl, the chieftain of the tribe called Daws, had become a Believer in Mekka, before the Hegira. He asked Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ for a symptom with which to invite his tribe to belief in Islam. The blessed Messenger invoked, “Yâ Rabbî! Bestow an âyat (a sign, a symptom, an evidence) on this person.” When Tufeyl went back to his tribe, a nûr (light) shone between his eyebrows. Tufeyl invoked, “Yâ Rabbî!

Remove this symptom from my face and place it somewhere else on me. Seeing it on my face, some people may suppose it is a sign of punishment inflicted on me because I have abandoned their religion.” His invocation was accepted. The halo left his face and shone like a candle-light on the tip of his whip. His tribesmen embraced Islam in the course of time.

76– There was a pretty woman among the tribe of Benî Nejjâr in Medina. She was haunted by a jinnî who had fallen in love with her. One day, after the Messenger’s ‘alaihis-salâm’ migration to Medina, the jinnî was sitting under the wall in front of the woman’s house, when the woman saw him and asked, “Why aren’t you visiting me any more?” “The Prophet of Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ has forbidden fornication and other acts of harâm,” was the jinnî’s reply.

77– In the battle called Bi’r-i-Ma’ûna, the unbelievers reneged on their promise and martyred seventy of the Sahâba. Among them was Âmir bin Fuheyra ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, one of the earliest Believers and a former slave manumitted by Abû Bakr ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’. When this blessed Muslim was bayonetted to death, angels raised him up to heaven before the unbelievers’ eyes. When they reported this event to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’, the blessed Messenger explained, “He was interred by the angels of Paradise, and his soul was raised up to Paradise.”

78– Hubeyb bin Adî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, one of the Sahâba, was caught by the unbelievers, who took him to Mekka and executed him there. They did not take him down from the gallows so that the other unbelievers would enjoy watching him. He remained on the gallows for forty days. Yet his body did not rot or putrify, but it continuously bled flesh blood. When the Messenger of Allah received intelligence about the event, he sent Zubeyr bin Awwâm and Mikdâd bin Aswad ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ’ to take the corpse back home. These heroes took the corpse down from the gallows and galloped their horses back towards Medina. They were quite near Medina when seventy horsemen from the unbelievers’ encampment caught up with them. The two Muslims put Hubeyb’s body on the ground to defend themselves. The earth split and Hubeyb disappeared into the crevice. When the unbelievers saw this miracle they turned back and galloped away.

79– Sa’d bin Mu’âdh ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ was wounded in the Holy War of Uhud and attained martyrdom before long.

Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ informed that seventy thousand angels attended the salât of janâza[1][1] See the seventy-third miracle. performed for him. As his grave was being dug, a smell of musk suffused the entire place.

80– In the seventh year of the Hegira, Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ sent letters to the Abyssinian emperor Negus, to the Byzantine emperor Heraclius, to the Persian emperor Husrav, to the Byzantine governor in Egypt, Muqawqas, to the Byzantine governor in Damascus, Hâris, and to the Umman Sultan, Semâma, inviting them to Islam. The envoys carrying the letters did not know the languages of the countries they were sent to. However, the following morning they began to speak those languages.

81– Zayd bin Hârisa ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’, one of the greatest Sahâbîs, set out for a long journey. The man that he had hired to take care of his mule attempted to kill him. Zayd asked for respite so that he could perform two rak’ats of namâz. After the namâz he said, “Yâ Erham-ar-râhimîn (O, Thou, the Most Merciful of the merciful),” three times. After each time he said this invocation, a voice was heard to say, “Do not kill him.”

Each time the voice was heard, the muleteer went out to see the person calling, and came back in, (for there was noone outside.) After the third attempt, a horseman rushed in with a sword in his hand and butchered the muleteer. Then he turned to Zayd and explained, “I was in the seventh sky when you began to say the invocation, ‘Yâ erham-ar-râhimîn!’ By the time you said it the second time, I had already reached the first sky. And I was with you at the third time.” So Zayd realized that the horseman was an angel.

82– A Sahabî named Sefîna, who had been manumitted by Ummu Salama ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhâ’, one of Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ blessed wives, would never be remiss in his service with the Messenger of Allah. In a Holy War fought against the Byzantine armies he was captivated by the enemy. Somehow he escaped and was on his way back home, when he suddenly encountered a lion. He said, “I am the servant of the Messenger of Allah,” and told the lion everything he had experienced. The lion began to walk along with him, rubbing its face and eyes on him as they walked, and keeping close to him lest the enemy should harm him. When the Muslim troops came into sight, the lion turned back and walked away.

83– Someone named Jehjâh-i-Ghaffârî rose against the Khalîfa, ’Uthmân ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’. He broke the rod which Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ used to carry  in his hand, with his knee. A year later his knee caught a disease called anthrax, which caused him to die.

84– Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ left Damascus for Mekka for the purpose of hajj (pilgrimage of a Muslim). En route, he went to Medina and attempted to take Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ minbar with him to Damascus, for the purpose of benefiting from its spiritual blessings. As soon as they moved the minbar only a little, a solar eclipse took place. It was dark everywhere, so much so that the stars appeared in the sky.

85– In the Holy War of Uhud one of Abû Qatâda’s ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ eyes came out of its socket and fell on his cheek. They took him to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. With his own blessed hand the Messenger put the eye back into its socket and invoked, “Yâ Rabbî! Make his eye beautiful!” So this eye of Abû Qatâda’s was more beautiful than his other eye, and its sight was more powerful than the other one’s. (Years later,) one day one of Abû Qatâda’s grandsons was in the presence of ’Umar bin Abd-ul-’Azîz, the time’s Khalîfa.

When the Khalîfa asked him who he was, he recited a couplet saying that he was the grandson of the person whose eye the Messenger of Allah had replaced with his blessed hand. When the Khalîfa heard the couplet, he treated him with utter respect and generous kindness.

86– Iyâs bin Salama relates: During the Holy War of Hayber, the Messenger of Allah sent me for Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ’.

Alî had a sore eye and walked with difficulty. So I helped him, holding him by the hand. The Messenger spat on his own blessed fingers and rubbed them gently on Alî’s eyes. He handed him the banner (of Islam), and sent him off to fight before the gate of Hayber. The gate was so huge that they had not been able to open it for a long time. Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ pulled the door off its hinges, and the As-hâb-i-kirâm’ entered the fortress.

He had many other miracles written in various books, particularly in Shewâhid-un-nubuwwa, by Molla Abd-ur-Rahmân Jâmî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’, and in Hujjatullâhi ’ala-l-’âlemîn, by Yûsuf Nebhânî. Shawâhid-un-nubuwwa is originally in Persian and has a Turkish version as well.