While beginning its subject about salat, the book Kitâb-ul-fiqh ‘alal-madhâhib-il-arba’a says: “Salat is the most important of the arch-stones of Islam. Allâhu ta’âlâ made salat fard so that His slaves would worship Him only. The hundred and third âyat of Sûrat an-Nisâ’ purports that salat became fard, the times of which are definite, for the Believers. A hadîth-i sherîf declares, ‘Allâhu ta’âlâ has made it fard to perform salat five times every day. Allâhu ta’âlâ has promised that He will send to Paradise a person who performs salat five times every day esteeming it highly and observing its conditions.’

“Salat is the most valuable of worships. A hadîth declares, ‘He who does not perform salat has no share from Islam!’ A hadîth-i sherîf quoted in Mishkât, and in Kunûz-ud-daqâiq, and in Sahîhayn, and in Halabî declares, ‘Difference between man and disbelief is to give up salat!’

It does not mean, ‘Men and disbelief are two separate beings. Between them lies not to perform salat. When not to perform salat goes away from between them, that is, when a person performs salat, the connection between him and disbelief goes up, the two can not be united, and man will not be a disbeliever.’ But it means, ‘Disbelief is a property. It does not exist alone. It exists with some people. People who have disbelief have ‘(not performing salat)’. But people who do not have disbelief do not have ‘(not performing salat)’. Difference between a person who has disbelief and one who does not have disbelief is not performing or performing salat.’

This hadîth-i sherîf is like the saying, ‘Difference between man and death is ‘not to breathe.’ ‘A person who has death does not breathe. But a person who does not have death, does not have (the property) ‘not breathing.’ When a person does not breathe, it will be understood that he is dead.”

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