MUHAMMAD’S “alaihis-salâm” BEAUTIFUL MORAL QUALITIES
The following article has been translated from the tenth chapter of the second division of the third section of the book entitled Riyâd-un-nâsikhîn:
Allâhu ta’âlâ, while pleasing the blessed heart of His beloved Prophet by stating a series of the virtues and blessings which He has given to him, also states the beautiful habits which He has bestowed upon him in an âyat-i-kerîma which purports: “Thou art created with a beautiful character.” Akrama says that he has heard from ’Abdullah Ibni ’Abbâs that his Khuluq-i ’azîm, that is, beautiful habits, are the beautiful moral qualities declared in the Qur’ân al-kerîm. It is written in the book entitled Hadâiq-ul- Haqâiq: “It was declared in the ayât: ‘You are (qifted) with khuluq-i-’azîm.’ ‘Khuluq-i ’azîm’ means ‘to have secrets with Allâhu ta’âlâ and to be kindhearted to people.’ The beautiful nature of Hadrat Muhammad was the reason for the conversion of many people to Islam.”
One thousand mu’jizas of Hadrat Muhammad were seen; everybody talked about them, friend and foe alike. Of his many mu’jizas, the most valuable ones were his lofty manners and beautiful habits.
It is written in the book entitled Kimyâ-yi Sa’âdat: “Hadrat Abû Sa’id-i Khudrî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh’ said: Rasûlullah would give grass to an animal. He would fasten a camel. He would sweep inside his house. He would milk the sheep. He would patch his shoes. He would patch his underwears. He would eat with his servant. When his servant got tired of grinding with small millstones, he would help him. He would go shopping and bring what he had bought in a sack to his home. When he met somebody, he would be the first to greet, whether the other was poor or rich, young or old. He, first, would hold out his blessed hand when he wanted to shake hands. He held the servant, the master, the black and the white as equal. He would go wherever he was invited, no matter who invited him. He would not despise what was put before him to eat, even if it were only a little. He would not reserve meals from evening to morning or from morning to evening. He was good-natured. He liked to do favours. He established friendly relations with everybody. He was affable and he spoke pleasantly.
He wouldn’t grin as he spoke. He would look sorry, but he would not frown. He was modest, but he was not low-natured. He was majestic; that is, he would inspire respect and awe. But he was not unkind. He was polite. He was generous, but he would not waste, nor would he give anything in vain. He used to pity everybody. He always bent his blessed head forward. He would not expect anything from anybody. He who wants happiness and peace should be like him.”
It is written in the book Masâbih that Anas bin Mâlik ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ said: “I served Rasûlullah for ten years. He never uttered “Ugh!” towards me. He never asked me why I had done this or why I hadn’t done that.” Again in Masâbih Anas bin Mâlik said: “Rasûlullah was the most beautiful-natured of people. One day, he told me to go to some place. I said, ‘By Allah, I won’t’. But I did. I went out to do his command. Children were playing in the street. As I passed them, I looked round. Rasûlullah was coming behind me. His blessed face was pleasant. He said, ‘O Anas! Did you go to the place I told had you?’ I said, ‘Yes, O Rasûlallah, I am going there.’ ”
Abû Hurayra ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ said: “During a holy war, we asked him to pray so that the disbelievers would be annihilated. He said: ‘I was not sent to pronounce maledictions over people so that they should be tormented. I was sent to do favours for everybody so that people should attain peace.” Allâhu ta’âlâ declares in the hundred and seventh âyat of Sûrat-ul-Anbiyâ: “We sent thee as a mercy, as a blessing for beings.”
Anas bin Mâlik said: “When Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ shook hands with a person, he would not take his hand away from that person’s hand before that person did so. He would not turn his face away from that person before the latter turned his face. As he sat near a person, he would sit on his two knees; to respect a person, he would not erect his blessed knee.”
Jâbir bin Sumra says: “Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wasallam’ used to talk very little. He used to talk when necessary or when he was asked a question.” This means to say that a Muslim should not talk nonsense; instead, he should keep silent. He used to speak very clearly and methodically; his words would be understood easily.
Anas bin Mâlik said: “Rasûlullah would visit invalids, walk behind the dead as they were taken to the cemetery, and accept invitations. He would ride a donkey. I saw him in the holy war of Khayber. He rode a donkey with a rope halter. When Rasûlullah went out after morning prayer, children and workers of Medina would bring containers full of water before him. They would beg him to dip his blessed finger into the water. Winter as it might be, he would put his blessed finger into all the containers one by one, thus pleasing them.” Again, Anas bin Mâlik ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ said: “If a little girl held Rasûlullah’s hand and wanted to take him somewhere for some matter, he would go with her and solve her problem.”
Hadrat Jâbir ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, said: “Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu’alaihi wa sallam’ was never heard to say ‘no’ for anything asked from him.”
Anas bin Mâlik ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ said: “I was walking with Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. He had a Burd-i Najrânî on. That is, he wore an overcoat made of Yemen cloth. A villager, who came from behind us, pulled his collar so harshly that the collar of the coat scratched his blessed neck and the scratch remained there. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ turned round. The villager wanted something from the property of zakât.
Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ just chuckled at his manners. He commanded that something should be given to him.” It is written in the book Tatummat-ul-Mazhâr: “This means to say that the person who is in a commanding position should, like Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa saslam’ did, put up with the problems and troubles caused by people. Besides, it is an act of being good-natured for everybody to be patient about problems. It is all the better for the superior ones.”
It is written in the book entitled: Zâd-ul-Mukwîn: There was an old woman who was Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ neighbor. She sent her daughter to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam’ to beg of him, “I do not have a dress to cover myself when praying. Send me a dress to cover myself for namâz.”
Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ did not have any dresses at that moment. He took the loose robe off his blessed body and sent it to the woman. When it was time for namâz, he couldn’t go to the mosque without something to wear. The Ashâb-i kirâm ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaihim ajma’în’, hearing about this, said: “Hadrat Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ is so generous that he has no clothes left; therefore, he cannot come to the mosque for jamâ’at. Let us give all we have to the poor, too.” Thereupon Allâhu ta’âlâ sent down the twenty-ninth âyat of Sûrat-ul-Isrâ. First, He commanded His darling not to be stingy, and not to give nothing; and He added, commanding him not to give so much as to fall into straits, to miss the namâz, or to become worried! He commanded moderation in giving alms! That day, after prayer, Hadrat ’Alî ‘kerrem-Allâhu wejheh’ came to Rasûlullah and said, “O Rasûlallah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’!
Today I borrowed eight dirhams of silver to spend for the subsistance of my family. I’ll give you half of them. Buy a loose robe for yourself.” Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ bought a robe for two dirhams. While he was going to buy food with the remaining two dirhams, he saw a blind man, who sat down and kept saying, “Who will give me a shirt for Allah’s sake and in turn be blessed with the garments of Paradise?” He gave the robe he had bought to the blind man. When the blind man took the robe, he smelled a fragrant scent like musk. He realized that it was from the blessed hand of Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ because everything which Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wasallam’ had worn once would smell like musk, even if it had been worn to pieces. The blind man prayed, “O Allah! Open my eyes for the sake of this shirt.” His two eyes opened at once. He sprang down to Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ feet. Then Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ left the place. He bought a robe for one dirham. As he was going to buy food with the other dirham, he saw a maid weeping. He asked, “Why are you crying, daughter?” She said, “I am a Jew’s maid. He gave me one dirham and told me to buy a bottle for half a dirham and olive oil with the remaining half. I bought them. But as I was going back, I dropped the bottle. Both the bottle and the oil are gone, I don’t know what to do now.” Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ gave his last dirham to the girl. He said, “Buy the bottle and the oil with this and take them home.” But the poor girl said, “I am afraid the Jew will beat me for being late.” Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ said, “Don’t be afraid! I will go with you and tell him not to beat you.” So they went to the Jew’s house and knocked at the door. The Jew opened the door and was bewildered to see Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, who then told him what had happened and interceded for the girl. The Jew sprang down to Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ feet and supplicated, “O, you great Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, who is loved and honoured above all by thousands of people! Thousands of lions are awaiting to do your commands. And you honour the door of a wretched person like me for a maid’s sake. O Rasûlallah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’! I have emancipated this girl for your honour’s sake. Teach me îmân and Islam. Let me become a Muslim in your presence.” Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wasallam’ taught him Islam, and the Jew embraced Islam. He went back into his house and told his household what had happened. They all became Muslims, too. All these were the fruits of Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ beautiful habits.
O Muslim! Now, you also should acquire the beautiful habits of Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’! It is necessary for every Muslim to acquire even the habits of Allâhu ta’âlâ; for Râsul “alaihis-salâm’ stated: “Acquire the habits of Allâhu ta’âlâ.” For example, one of Allah’s Attributes is Sattâr. That is, He covers sins. A Muslim should cover the faults and the defects of his brother-in-Islam, too. Allâhu ta’âlâ forgives His born slaves for their sins. So, Muslims should forgive one another for their faults and defects. Allâhu ta’âlâ is kerîm and rahîm. That is, His blessings are plentiful and His mercy is extensive. A Muslim should be generous and merciful. The same applies to all good habits.
Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ had many beautiful habits. Every Muslim should learn them and form habits similar to them. Thus, he will be blessed with the lot of escaping disasters and troubles in this world and the next by attaining the shafâ’at of that master of both worlds.
Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ used to say the following prayer in Arabic: Allahumma innî as’aluka-s-sihhate wal-’ âfiyata wa-l-amânata wa husn-al-khulqi wa-r-ridâa bi-l-qadari bi-rahmatika yâ arham-ar-râhimîn “O my Allah! I ask Thee to give me health, forgiveness, trustworthiness, beautiful habits and contentment with qadar. O the most merciful of the merciful! Give me these for Thy mercy’s sake!” We, the humble ones, should pray like our exalted and honourable Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’!