|Patients and Fasting|
Question: Can a person who has undergone full surgical removal of the stomach (gastrectomy) observe the fast?
Doctors say that for such a person there is no obstacle to observing the fast.
Fasting and fidyah
A person who is so old that he/she cannot fast gives fidyah for each fast day, if he/she is rich. If he/she is poor, he/she does not give fidyahbut makes supplication. Flour as much as the fitrah amount is given as fidyah for each day. The fitrah amount of flour equals 1750 g. It is enough to give 53 kg of flour for 30 fast-days. Or its equivalent in gold may be given as the fidyah for 30 unperformed fast days to one or more poor people at the beginning or end of Ramadan. The poor person who receives the fidyah can use it or can donate it to another person. If the patient recovers after giving the fidyah, he/she has to make up for the missed fasts. (Nahr-ul-faiq)
If a rich person cannot observe the fast of Ramadan because of an excuse, such as illness or old age, and if this situation lasts until death, he/she enjoins in his/her will that a meal should be given to the poor. His/her wali (the person to whom he/she has instructed to distribute his/her property to appropriate places) gives one fitrah or its equivalent value in gold to a poor person for each unperformed fast.(Badayi)
Question: When do non-fasting patients pay fidyah (compensation in lieu of fasting)?
Question: Is it sinful for a person with a malady not to fast?
Just as a person who gives zakat purges his/her property from dirt and protects it from danger, so a fasting person protects his/her body from diseases. The purport of a hadith-i sharif is as follows:
Some people with gastric or other types of disorders are abstaining from fasting on the plea of their illnesses. A patient who cannot determine whether fasting will do harm should consult a pious expert physician (a Muslim doctor who does not sin openly). If such a physician says that fasting will do harm, the patient leaves the fast and makes up for it later on. The patient cannot act upon the advice of a physician who is not pious. Those patients who take prescribed medication can observe the fast by adjusting, in accordance with the advice of the doctor, their intake timings and dosages of drugs according to the beginning and break times of the fast. Diseases that prevent the observance of fasting are a few. Therefore, a patient must not leave the fast so as to perform it later on without consulting a pious doctor.
Diabetics and nursing women
People may not know whether fasting will bring about harm on their health or not. They may decide that they are capable of fasting, but maybe fasting will aggravate their illnesses. Conversely, they may decide that they are not capable of fasting, but maybe fasting will do good. For this reason, the sufferer should see a pious doctor and act upon his advice. It is stated in hadith-i sharifs:
(An ill person, a pregnant woman who apprehends harm to her child, an old person who is not able to fast, and an extremely weak person who fears that he may die if he fasts do not observe the fast.) [Daylami]
(A pregnant or a nursing woman does not fast if fasting brings about harm to her own health or to her child's health.) [Bukhari, Abu Dawud]
(Allahu ta'ala gave concession to a pregnant and a nursing woman not to fast.) [Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nasai]
Question: A pregnant woman keeps the fast, saying, "It is haramnot to fast in Ramadan." She is risking herself and her child. It is appropriate for her to put them at risk?
Question: As there are stones in the kidney of my aunt, the doctor has told her to drink water very often. If she has to give fidyah, how much should she give? And what should she give? Can she give thefidyah to me?
Question: I am a sufferer from a heart disease. Normally I am able to fast, but I am worried about a heart attack. Is it permitted for me not to fast and to give fidyah?
Question: When I make up for the fasts that I missed in Ramadan because of an illness, should I perform them one right after the other?
Question: How should a patient who has to receive injections regularly make up for unperformed Ramadan fasts?
Question: My father could not observe the fast of the holy month of Ramadan for the last two years because of his sickness. He is still in no condition to fast, and he is unlikely to recover as he is well up in years. He satisfies the conditions set by Islam in order to be considered rich. What should he do?
Question: If a patient breaks the fast by taking a drug, does it entailkaffarah?
Question: If I break my fast unconsciously while in a state of depression, is it necessary for me to offer kaffarah?
Question: If a person, after a tooth extraction by undergoing a dental anesthetic injection, eats and drinks, saying, "My fast has been broken," does it require kaffarah?
Question: Is it permissible to give water to a person who falls critically ill while fasting in Ramadan?
Excepting the holy month of Ramadan, it is mustahab (recommended) to give water to fasting patients who are on their deathbed.
Question: A patient underwent an operation and a prosthesis was implanted into his leg. Is it an obstacle to his performing namaz and observing the fast in Ramadan, providing that there is not an apparent pain and suffering?
Question: Is it necessary to give Zamzam water to a fasting person who is on his/her deathbed?
Question: Is it sinful to break a make-up (qada) fast because of unbearable hunger and thirst?
Giving the fidyah to another person
A patient and fidyah