Reaching Allah before death -3-
Question: Is it true to say, “It is îmân to have faith in a soul’s being reached Allah. The fundamentals of îmân are seven. Sharr (evil) is not from Allah but from nafs”?
Saying that evil is from nafs means that there are associates in Allah’s Attribute of Creativeness. Allahu ta’âlâ sends us afflictions owing to our sins, but we do not create the afflictions. We deserve them; as a result, Allahu ta’âlâ punishes us. Allah does not oppress His born slaves.
(If any good reaches them, they say, “This is from Allah,” but if any evil reaches them, they say, “This happened because of you.” Say: “Kullun min ‘Indillaah [All things are from Allah].” What is the matter with these people that they do not understand what they are told?) [Sûrat-un-Nisâ, 78]
Question: Isn’t there the expression “reaching Allah before death” at the end of the Arabic hadîth of îmân? Have the translators not added this part?
The hadîth of îmân in Arabic is as follows:
(Âmantu bi’llâhi wa malâ’ikatihî wa kutubihî wa rusulihî wal-yawm-il-âkhiri wa bil-qadari khairihî wa sharrihî minallâhi ta’âlâ walba’thu ba’d-al-mawt haqqun ash-hadu an lâ ilâha illallâh wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ’abduhu wa Rasûluhu.) [Bukhârî, Muslim, Nasâî]
Sharrihî minallâhi ta’âlâ = Sharr is from Allah.
How can one deny this well-known hadîth?
Its English translation is the following:
(I have belief in Allah, in His angels, in His books, in His prophets, in the Last Day [that is, to have belief in Paradise, Hell, Judgement, Mîzân], in qadar and that good (khair) and evil (sharr) are from Allahu ta’âlâ, in death and Resur-rection. I bear witness that there is no ilâh except Allah and that Muhammad “alaihisslâm” is His born slave and Messenger.) [Bukhârî, Muslim, Nasâî]
Question: In the seventh and eighth âyats of Sûrat-ul-Yûnus, is it not said, “If one does not will to reach Allah, then one goes to Fire”?
The scholars of tafsîr explain the meaning of “meeting Allah” as in the following:
(Those who [deny the Resurrection after death] do not expect to meet Us [to be questioned], who are content with [as they are heedless of the Hereafter] and take comfort [preferring this world to the next] from worldly life, and who are unaware of Our âyât [proofs that show the existence of the Creator] will go to Hell because of what they have committed [because of their sins].) [Sûrat-u Yûnus, 7-8]
(To deny meeting with Allah after death is to deny the Rising after death. One cannot meet Allah before death.)
Question: In the 79th âyat of Sûrat-ul-Nisâ’, is it not said, “Good is from Allah; evil is from your nafses”?
Our nafses are not a creator. They can’t create evil or good. The Creator of everything is Allahu ta’âlâ alone. As a matter of fact, it is purported in the Qur’ân al-karîm:
(The Creator of everything is Allah.) [Sûrat-uz-Zumar, 62; Sûrat-ul-Mu’min, 62]
(It is Allah who creates you and what you do.) [Sûrat-us-Saffat, 96]
(Your Lord creates whatever He wants, chooses whatever He wills. They do not have the right to choose.) [Sûrat-ul-Qasas, 68]
If a born slave deserves a calamity, Allahu ta’âlâ sends it to that person. The purport of an âyat is so:
(Whatever affliction befalls you, it is the consequence of what you have done with your own hands. Nevertheless, Allah forgives many of them.) [Sûrat-ush-Shûrâ, 30]
(As it is seen, calamities come upon us because of our sins. But it is Allah who sends them. At the end of this verse, it is said, “Nevertheless, Allah forgives many of them.” In fact, calamities are sent by Allah. Nevertheless, He pardons many of them.)
(Any good that befalls you is from Allah [as a grace], and any evil that befalls you is from yourself [in return for your sins].) [Sûrat-un-Nisâ’, 79]
(In the verse preceding the above-mentioned one, it is declared, “Evil, too, is created by Allah.” As for the above-mentioned verse, it is declared, “Any evil that befalls you is from yourself [in return for your sins].” But the creator and the sender of them is Allahu ta’âlâ.
It is purported in a hadîth-i sharîf:
(He who does not believe that qadar, good and evil are from Allah is not a Mu’min [Believer].) [Tirmudhî]