Reaching Allah before death -4-

Denying the meeting with Allah

Question: In the Qur’ân, it is declared, “He who denies the meeting with Allah becomes a kâfir [disbeliever].” What is “meeting with Allah”? Those who claim that the fundamentals of îmân are seven say, “A person who does not accept meeting Allah in this world becomes a disbeliever.” What do they mean?

Islam has not been sent lately. There is not any unknown matter in it, either. This religion has an Owner and a Prophet. There are their commandments and prohibitions. It would be disbelief to eliminate the Messenger of Allah, to disbelieve what he communicated, and to disapprove his explanations.

The Messenger of Allah and his inheritors clarify the meaning of meeting Allah as follows:
“Denying the meeting with Allah is denying the Rising, Jannat, and Jahannam, that is, denying the Hereafter.”

The purport of some verses concerning liqâ-al-laah, that is, the meeting with Allah, is as follows:
(The explanations given in square brackets are quoted from such dependable books as Baydâwî, Jalâlayn, Madârik, and Qurtubî.)

(He who wants to meet [Allah’s consent by hoping His mercy and fearing His torment] Allah must know that that time [the Hereafter] appointed by Allah will certainly come.) [Sûrat-ul-‘Ankabût, 5] (The meeting day is the Hereafter.)
(O Man! You are striving hard for your Lord. In the end, you will meet Him [in the Hereafter].) [Sûrat-ul-Inshiqâq, 6] (You will encounter the requital for what you have done, whether good or bad.) [Baydâwî]

(It is said, “Today [on the Day of Resurrection], We forget [punish] you as you forget [disbelieve] that you will meet with this day [Day of Resurrection]. Your abode is the Fire, and there are no helpers for you [no one can save you from the torment of Hell].) [Sûrat-ul-Jâthiyah, 34]

(Taste the retribution for your forgetting [for your disbelieving] the meeting with this day! Accordingly, We too have forgotten you [We have subjected you to torment]. Suffer the eternal torment in return for what you have done!) [Sûrat-us-Sajda, 14] (It is stated that denying the meeting with the next world is denying the Resurrection after death.)

(Those who deny their meeting with Allah [who deny the Resurrection after death] have indeed become losers. When the Day of Resurrection comes upon them suddenly, they bear their sins on their backs and say, “Woe to us because of our misdeeds in the world.” Look! How bad the sins they bear.) [Sûrat-ul-An’âm, 31]

(They say, “When we are lost in the earth [after death], will we really be created anew?” In fact, they deny the meeting with their Lord [they deny the Resurrection].) [Sûrat-us-Sajda, 10] (It is stated that denying the meeting with Allah is denying the Resurrection after death.)
(Take refuge in Allah and seek His help through patience and namâz. Certainly, namâz is hard, except for those who believe in meeting and returning to their Lord and who fear Him.) [Sûrat-ul-Baqara, 45-46]

(As is the case with the âyat “To Allah we belong and to Him we will return,” the meaning of “returning to” in the above-mentioned âyat is the Rising from graves.)

(Brace yourselves for the future [for the Hereafter]. Guard yourselves against violating Allah’s commandments. Know for sure that you will meet Him [you will be resurrected and brought to the next world]. Give this good news to the Believers!) [Sûrat-ul-Baqara, 223]

(As for those who knew that they would meet Allah [His compassion, His help] said, “Many a small group defeated a big group by Allah’s permission. Allah is with the patient.”) [Sûrat-ul-Baqara, 249]

(Those who [deny the Resurrection after death] do not expect to meet Us [to be questioned], who are content with [as they are heedless of the Hereafter] and take comfort [preferring this world to the next] from worldly life, and who are unaware of Our âyât [proofs that show the existence of the Creator] will go to Hell because of what they have committed [because of their sins].) [Sûrat-u Yûnus, 7-8]

(If Allah hastened to give people evil, the way they hasten to obtain good, all of them would certainly have been ruined. However, We leave those who do not expect to meet Us [who do not believe in the next world and Resurrection] wandering in their transgression.) [Sûrat-u Yûnus, 11] (Additionally, the fact that good and evil are from Allah is indicated in this verse.)

(Allah directs all affairs, explains the âyât in detail so that you firmly believe the meeting with your Lord.) [Sûrat-ur-Ra’d, 2] (The Resurrection and the life in the next world are two facts.)

(Those who disbelieve in Allah’s âyât and the meeting with Him are the ones who despair of His Mercy. There is a bitter torment for them.) [Sûrat-ul-‘Ankabût, 23]

(Have they not ever contemplated within themselves that Allah has created the heavens, the earth and what is between them only with truth and for an appointed time? Truly, many among people disbelieve in the meeting with their Lord.) [Sûrat-ur-Rûm, 8] (It is said in this verse that there are people who disbelieve in the Resurrection after death.)

(Surely, they [disbelievers] are in doubt about the meeting with their Lord [about the Resurrection after death]. [Sûrat-u Fussilat, 54] (Likewise, the meaning of the meeting with Allah in this verse is the Resurrection after death.)
(On the day Allah will gather them together, it will be as if they had stayed in the world for a while in the daytime and known one another. Those who disbelieve in the Resurrection and thus who do not attain hidâyah will surely suffer the greatest loss.) [Sûrat-u Yûnus, 45]

(Whoever wants to meet his Lord [to attain His consent in the Hereafter], let him do pious deeds and not associate anything in the worship of His Lord.) [Sûrat-ul-Kahf, 110]

Now, let us have a look at the explanations of our master Rasûlullah concerning the meeting with Allah:
(I am astonished by a Believer who bemoans his illness. If he knew the reward he would earn due to his illness, he would wish that he remained ill until he met Allah after his death.) [Tabarânî]

(Jannat becomes wâjib for a person who worships Allahu ta’âlâ with ikhlâs and who meets Him without associating any partners with Him. On the other hand, Jahannam becomes wâjib for a person who meets Allah by asso-ciating a partner with Him.) [Hâkim]

(This means to say that a kâfir, too, meets Allah, that is, he will be resurrected.)

(The thawâb recorded for a Muslim’s every good deed is from ten to seven hundred times, while every sinful deed of his is recorded as one sin. It continues so until the meeting with Allah [until the Resurrection].) [Muslim]

(A trader used to say to his debt collector, “Do not take the debt of a poor person who is unable to pay it. Be tolerant with him.” When he met Allah [in the next world], Allah was tolerant with him and forgave him.) [Bukhârî]

(For a Believer, there is no comfort before he meets Allah [before he dies].) [Muslim]
(If a Muslim says, “Subhânallahi wa bihamdihî wa astaghfirullah wa atûbu ilayh,” this saying of his is hung on the Arsh. None of the sins of its sayer removes it from there, and it stays there sealed as it has been said.) [Tabarânî]

(Afflictions are with a Believer’s body, with his property, and with his children until he meets Allah [meets the next world] without having any sins.) [Hâkim]

(The Believer who is the most envied is the one whose load is light, who performs namâz correctly, who is patient with a little sustenance that suffices him until he meets Allah [meets the next world], who carries out the duties commanded duly, who is not much known among people, whose punishment is inflicted in this world, and whose inheritance and criers left behind are few.) [Tirmudhî, Ibni Mâja]

(My Allah! Sever my ties of necessity from this world until I meet You [meet the next world].) [Abû Nu’aym]

(I want to meet my Rabb by not having anybody’s right on me.) [Abû Dâwud]

(On the Day of Resurrection, Allahu ta’âlâ addresses Muslims, “Did you use to long for meeting Me?” They say, “Yes.” Allahu ta’âlâ asks, “Why?” They answer, “We used to expect that You forgave us.” Allahu ta’âlâ declares, “Then I forgive you.”) [Imam-i Ahmad]

(Allahu ta’âlâ declared, “There are two joyous occasions for the fasting person: one is at the time of breaking his fast and the other is at the time of meeting Me with his fast.”) [Bukhârî, Muslim, Abû Dâwud, Tirmudhî, Nasâî]

(Every passing day becomes worse than the day preceding it. It continues so until you meet your Lord [until the Day of Resurrection].) [Bukhârî]

(Allahu ta’âlâ declared: “I, too, want to meet a slave of Mine who wants to meet Me. I do not want to meet a slave of Mine who do not want to meet Me.”) [Bukhârî, Muslim, Tirmudhî, Dârimî]
Our blessed mother Hadrat Âisha narrates:
The Messenger of Allah stated, “Whoever wants to meet Allah, Allah wants to meet him, too. Whoever does not want to meet Allah, Allah does not want to meet him, either. I said [because she knew that people meet Allah only when they die], “Oh Messenger of Allah! Is the reason he does not want to meet Allah because he does not like death? If so, we all do not like death.” The Messenger of Allah declared:
(No, it is not so. When a Believer is given the good news of Allah’s compassion, His consent and Paradise, he wants to meet Allah [he does not consider death to be bad]. Then Allah, too, wants to meet him. However, when a disbeliever is given the news of Allah’s torment and His wrath, at that moment, he does not like to meet Allah. Allah does not like to meet him, either.) [Bukhârî, Muslim, Tirmudhî, Nasâî, Ibni Mâja]

All above-mentioned hadîth-i sharîfs, without any exception, show that the meaning of meeting Allah is the Rising after death.

Likewise, the well-known hadîth of Jibrîl (Archangel Gabriel ‘alaihis-salâm) explains the fundamentals of îmân and Islam. It also informs us that evil is from Allah:

Our beloved superior Hadrat ‘Umar narrates:
“One day we, some of the Companions, were sitting in the presence of Rasûl-Allah. That hour, a man came. None of us recognized him, that is, he was not one of the people we had seen or known before. He asked the Messenger of Allah:

‘O Rasûl-Allah! Tell me what Islam is.’
‘Islam is to say the Kalima-i shahâdat, to perform five daily namâzes, to fast every day of the month of Ramadân, to give the zakât of one’s property, and to perform hajj [major pilgrimage] for an able person once in his life.’
‘You told the truth. Now tell me what îmân is.’

[Hadrat ‘Umar said that of the Prophet’s Companions, the ones who were there were astonished at the behavior of that person who asked a question and confirmed that the answer was correct.]

‘Îmân is to have faith in Allah, in His angels, in His books, in His prophets, in the Last Day and in the Divine Decree about good and evil.’
‘You told the truth. Inform me about al-ihsân.’
“It is that you worship Allah as if you were seeing Him because though you do not see Him, He verily sees you.’

‘Inform me about the time of the Last Hour.’
‘One who is asked knows no more than the one inquiring about it.’

“He inquired the signs of the Last Day, and the Prophet of Allah communicated them. After that person had gone on his way, Rasûl-Allah stated, ‘He who asked all these questions was Jabrâ’îl alaihis-salâm. He came in order to teach you your religion.’” (Muslim, Nasâî, Abû Dâwud, Tirmudhî)