FIRST VOLUME, 42nd LETTER

This letter, written to Shaikh Derwish, explains that the best medicine for clearing away the rust of loving others from the heart is to hold on to the Sunnat-i saniyya (Islam):

May Allâhu ta’âlâ give you salvation! As long as a man remains attached to various things his heart cannot be purified. As long as it remains foul it will remain deprived of and far from happiness.

Loving things other than Allâhu ta’âlâ blackens, stains the heart, which is called Haqîqat-i-Jâmi’a[1]. This stain should be cleared away. The best cleaner is to follow, to obey, the Sunnat-i seniyyai Mustafâwiyya ‘’alâ masdariha-s-salâtu was-salâmi wat-tehiyya’. Following the Sunnat-i seniyya extirpates the habits and the desires of the nafs that cause the heart to darken.

How lucky for those who are honoured with receiving this blessing! Shame upon those who are deprived of this high fortune! May Allâhu ta’âlâ give salvation to you and to those who follow the righteous way!

[The word “sunnat” has three meanings in our religion. When “the Book and the Sunnat” are said together, “the Book” means “the Qur’ân” and “the Sunnat” means “hadîths.” When referred to as “fard and sunnat” fard means “Allah’s commands” and “sunnat” means our “Prophet’s sunnat, i.e., his commands”. When the word “sunnat” is used alone, it means “Islam”, i.e. all the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya. Fiqh books say that this is so. For instance, it is written in the book entitled Mukhtasar al-Qudûrî: “He who knows the Sunnat the best becomes imâm[2].” In explaining this point, the book Jawhara says: “Here, ‘Sunnat’ means ‘Islam’.”

It is understood that it is necessary to obey Islam for purifying the heart. Obeying Islam means doing the commandments and avoiding the prohibitions and bid’ats.

Bid’at means something that was invented afterwards. They are things that had not existed during the time of our Prophet and his four Khalîfas ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum’ and which were fabricated and practised in the name of worship. For example, since it is necessary to recite the (âyat called) Âyat-al-Kursî[3] immediately after the (five daily prayers called) namâz, it is bid’at to recite the (prayer termed) ‘Salâtan Tunjînâ’[4] or to say other prayers. These must be recited after Âyat-ul-Kursî and telling the tasbîhs[5]. It is bid’at to prostrate and then get up after finishing namâz and saying duâ (personal, individual prayer.) It is bid’at to call the azân[6] through loudspeakers. Every kind of change and reform in the religion is bid’at. On the other hand, it is not bid’at to use forks and spoons, to wear ties, to drink coffee or tea, or to smoke cigarettes, for they are not acts of worship; they are habits, which are mubâh. They are not harâm. Statements made by Islamic scholars about smoking are quoted and explained in detail in the fourth chapter of the sixth fascicle of Endless Bliss. There are three types of bid’at:

1 – It is the worst bid’at to use things which Islam says are symbols of disbelief.

2 – Kinds of belief not conforming with what the Ahl-i sunnat scholars teach are also bad bid’ats.

3 – Renovations and reforms done as acts of worship are bid’ats and are grave sins.]

Couplet:

Faithfulness is what becomes a man, even when wronged;

If a person is true, Allah will him uphold.

[1] That which has accumulated everything within itself.

[2] When Muslims perform namâz in congregation (jamâ’at), one of them leads, conducts namâz. He is called imâm. Please see the twentieth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss

[3] Verses in the Qur’ân are called âyats. There are 6236 âyats in the Qur’ân. “Âyat-ul-kursî” is one of them. It explains the greatness of Allah and that His Power is infinite.

[4] The word salât means both namâz and prayer. Muslims send their prayers to Allah so that the Prophet’s grade will go up and he will be given more blessings. Such prayers are called salât, too. Allah loves those who pray so. He rescues them from trouble. Salâtan Tunjînâ means to ask a blessing on the Prophet in order to get rid of problems.

[5] After namâz, it was the Prophet’s habit, so it is sunna, to recite “Âyatul- kursî”, once, to say “subhânallah” thirty-three times, which means, ‘there is no defect in Allah,’ “alhamdulillâh” thirty-three times, which means, ‘hamd, thanks done to anybody will have been done to Him, for He is the only One who sends every favour,’ “Allâhu akbar” thirty-three times, which means, ‘Allah’s greatness cannot be comprehended through mind, through knowledge or through thoughts.’ This procedure is called “telling one’s tasbîhs,” or counting beads on a rosary of 3×33=99 beads.

[6] At prescribed prayer times, (morning, early afternoon, late afternoon, evening, and night), a Muslim goes up the minaret and calls all Muslims to pray. This is called the “azân” (adhân). Please see the eleventh chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss.

LEAVE A REPLY