The Madhhab Of Sahâbat Al-kirâm
All the Sahâbat al-kirâm ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ‘anhum ajma’în’ were rightfully the “stars” for guidance. Any of them would have sufficed to guide the entire world to the right path. They were mujtahids, each belonging in his own Madhhab. Most of their madhhabs were alike. Yet, since their madhhabs were not written into books, it is not possible for us to follow them. The madhhabs of the four imâms, that is, what they communicated about the things to be believed and about the things to be done, were gathered together and explained by their disciples. They were committed to books. Today every Muslim must belong to the madhhab of one of the abovementioned four imâms and live up to and perform ‘ibâdât in accordance with that madhhab. A person who does not want to follow one of these four madhhabs does not belong to Ahl as-Sunna.
Among the disciples of these four imâms, two scholars reached very high grades in spreading the teachings of îmân. Thus, there became two madhhabs in i’tiqâd or îmân. The right faith in accordance with the Qur’ân-al-kerîm and the Hadîth ash-sherîfs, is only the faith shown by these two imâms, who spread on the earth the faith of Ahl as-Sunna, which is the Group of Salvation. One of them was Abu’l-Hasan ‘Alî al-Ash’arî ‘rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ’, who was born in Basra in 226 A. H.  and died in Baghdad in 330 . The other was Abu Mansûr al-Mâturîdî ‘rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ’, who died in Semerkand in 333 . In îmân, every Muslim has to follow one of these two great imâms.