The meaning of Âmantu

The hadîth-i sharîf stating the Âmantu purports as follows:
(Îmân is to have belief in Allah, in His angels, in His books, in His prophets, in the Last Day, [that is, to have belief in the Day of Qiyama, Paradise, Hell, Judgement, and Mîzân] in qadar and that good (khair) and evil (sharr) are from Allah, and in death and Resurrection. It is to bear witness that there is no ilâh except Allah and that I am a human slave and Messenger of His.)[Bukhârî, Muslim, Nasâî]
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Belief in Allah
Having belief in Allahu ta’âlâ means accepting and believing with one’s heart in His existence, His Oneness, His having no partner, His creating everything out of nothing, and there being no creator other than Allah. It means accepting and loving all of the rules of the religion which He has sent through the mediation of the Last Prophet Muhammad (‘alaihissalâm) who came as rahmat-al-lil-‘alamîn [mercy to the whole creation].

It is purported in an âyat-i karîma:
(Believe in Allah and His Messenger, the ummî Prophet.) [Sûrat al-A’râf 158]

Belief in His angels
Angels are nûrânî [luminous, spiritual] creatures. They are neither male nor female. We have to love their deeds; and we have to accept and confirm that they are all sinless and obedient.

It is purported in an âyat-i karîma:
(The real piety is to believe in Allah, in the Last Day, in His angels, in His books, and in His messengers.) [Sûrat-ul-Baqara 177]

Belief in His Books
You have to believe that the Zabûr, the Tawrât, the Injîl, the Qur’ân al-karîm, and all other Divine Books were sent down by Allahu ta’âlâ and that all of the Books are true. Belief in the Books means knowing, accepting, and confirming the fact that the Books before the Qur’ân al-karîm were defiled and changed by people and that they are no longer the word of Allah. It is necessary to believe that even if all of the Books sent down before the Qur’ân al-karîm were intact and unchanged, Allahu ta’âlâ invalidated them, that is, abolished the validity of them. An âyat purport:
(They believe in that which is revealed to you [Qur’ân al-karîm]and the Books which were revealed before you.) [Sûrat-ul-Baqara 4]
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Belief in His prophets
You must accept and confirm that all prophets were selected by Allahu ta’âlâ, that they were all devoted, truthful, and that they did not commit any grave or venial sins. A person who does not certify and who belittles even one of them becomes a kâfir [disbeliever]. You must believe, accept and certify that the first prophet is Âdam(‘alaihissalâm) and the last one is Muhammad (‘alaihissalâm). You must put faith in this fact that our Master the Prophet communicated the rules of the religion completely and precisely, and you must accept and love all these commandments and prohibitions.

An âyat-i karîma purports:
(Those who believe in Allah and His messengers and do not make a distinction between any of them will have their rewards from Allah.) [Sûrat-un-Nisâ 152]

Belief in Qadâ’ and Qadar
Having belief in qadâ’ and qadar requires a person to believe that Allahu ta’âlâ has bestowed irâda-i juz’iyya [partial will] upon people, and that people make options using their partial will, and that all of their deeds are created by Allahu ta’âlâ in the end. The meaning of khair (good) and sharr (evil) is to know, to accept, to confirm and to esteem highly that all deeds are opted and willed by people, and that Allahu ta’âlâ creates them if He also wills.

It is purported in an âyat-i karîma:
(The command of Allah is a predestined qadar that will certainly take place.) [Sûrat-ul-Ahzâb 38]
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Belief in the Last Day
Belief in the Last Day means believing, accepting and esteeming highly that people will be resurrected after the annihilation of everything; and after Judgement and Mîzân, Muslims will be awarded eternal Paradise and disbelievers will be in eternal Hell.

An âyat-i karîma purports:
(They [Muslims] believe in Yawm al-âkhir.) [Sûrat-ul-Baqara 4]

Belief in Kalima-i shahâdat has to be as follows:
I bear witness; that is, I know and utter as if I saw that there is no ilâh save Allah. Again, I bear witness; that is, I know and utter as if I saw that Muhammad (‘alaihissalâm) is human slave, the Messenger and the Last Prophet of Allahu ta’âlâ.

Two âyat-i karîmas purport:
(Muhammad (‘alaihis-salâm) is the Messenger of Allah and the last of the prophets.) [Sûrat-ul-Ahzâb 40]

(For those who believe in Allah and His Prophet, there are nûr and rewards with their Rabb.) [Sûrat-ul-Hadîd 19]

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